To demonstrate an environmental effect of being raised by an antisocial father and to test whether the transmission of antisocial behavior from father to child is moderated by the father's presence in the home.
A community sample of male and female 11- and 17-year-old twins and their biological parents participating in the Minnesota Twin Family Study was used. A series of hierarchical linear regression models was used to examine the relationship between father antisociality and his children's externalizing psychopathology and to determine whether the father's time spent in the home moderated this relationship. Models controlled for the child's sex.
A significant main effect of both father's antisociality and father's presence on the children's externalizing psychopathology was found: Children born to antisocial fathers evidenced higher rates of externalizing behavior, and children raised without their biological father in the home exhibited more externalizing behaviors. The interaction was also significant such that the association between father and child antisociality was stronger when the father was present for a longer period of the child's life. Furthermore, when fathers show high levels of antisociality, fathers' presence appears to have deleterious rather than beneficial effects on child behavior.
The present results suggest the transmission of antisociality from father to child is at least partially environmentally moderated.
"lvement a priority . On the other hand , a particular challenge which may lead some programs , implementing sites , or providers to resist further father engagement relates to justifiable concerns about the possible dam - aging effects to children by facilitating the engagement of fathers who are antisocial or engage in intimate partner violence ( Blazei et al . , 2008 ; Duggan et al . , 2004 ) ."
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to examine the rates and predictors of father attendance at nurse home visits in replication sites of the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP). Early childhood programs can facilitate father involvement in the lives of their children, but program improvements require an understanding of factors that predict father involvement. The sample consisted of 29,109 low-income, first-time mothers who received services from 694 nurses from 80 sites. We conducted mixed-model multiple regression analyses to identify population, implementation, site, and nurse influences on father attendance. Predictors of father attendance included a count of maternal visits (B = 0.12, SE = 0.01, F = 3101.77), frequent contact between parents (B = 0.61, SE = 0.02, F = 708.02), cohabitation (B = 1.41, SE = 0.07, F = 631.51), White maternal race (B = 0.77, SE = 0.06, F = 190.12), and marriage (B = 0.42, SE = 0.08, F = 30.08). Random effects for sites and nurses predicted father-visit participation (2.7 & 6.7% of the variance, respectively), even after controlling for population sociodemographic characteristics. These findings suggest that factors operating at the levels of sites and nurses influence father attendance at home visits, even after controlling for differences in populations served. Further inquiry about these influences on father visit attendance is likely to inform program-improvement efforts.
"Findings from this study are consistent with previous research that shows that the psychosocial functioning of children is negatively impacted in homes where interparental aggression is present, and where fathers exhibit antisocial personality traits and/or interpersonal hostility (Blazei et al. 2008; Buehler et al. 1997; Low and Stocker 2005). As such, these findings support informing men mandated to BIPs about how their children can suffer negative consequences as a result of their behavior. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is well established that children in homes where interparental violence is present are at increased risk for psychosocial (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and attention) difficulties. However, previous studies have provided a limited view on the variety of factors that commonly co-occur in these environments (e.g., other characteristics of the parents and family) and how they may collectively impact children. Knowing this information could have implications for parental interventions aimed at preventing the continuation or initiation of psychosocial problems in children. Thus, the present study simultaneously examined the association between father-perpetrated interparental aggression, father characteristics, and child psychosocial functioning in a sample of 145 men arrested for domestic violence. Results showed that of all the variables examined, paternal antisocial personality traits and interpersonal hostility were uniquely associated with overall child psychosocial impairment, externalizing problems, and attention problems. Implications for intervention programs are discussed.
Journal of Child and Family Studies 07/2014; 23(5). DOI:10.1007/s10826-013-9748-8 · 1.42 Impact Factor
"However, others have found that parental absence may only have deleterious effects on children's and adolescents' adjustment in certain circumstances. Specifically, the presence of the father in the family may only be beneficial to children's adjustment when he does not engage in antisocial behavior (Jaffee et al., 2003; Blazei et al., 2008). Others (McFarlane et al., 1995) have reported no significant differences with regard to evaluations of well-being and adjustment between adolescents from families with divorced parents and intact families. "
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