Father-Child Transmission of Antisocial Behavior: The Moderating Role of Father's Presence in the Home
To demonstrate an environmental effect of being raised by an antisocial father and to test whether the transmission of antisocial behavior from father to child is moderated by the father's presence in the home.
A community sample of male and female 11- and 17-year-old twins and their biological parents participating in the Minnesota Twin Family Study was used. A series of hierarchical linear regression models was used to examine the relationship between father antisociality and his children's externalizing psychopathology and to determine whether the father's time spent in the home moderated this relationship. Models controlled for the child's sex.
A significant main effect of both father's antisociality and father's presence on the children's externalizing psychopathology was found: Children born to antisocial fathers evidenced higher rates of externalizing behavior, and children raised without their biological father in the home exhibited more externalizing behaviors. The interaction was also significant such that the association between father and child antisociality was stronger when the father was present for a longer period of the child's life. Furthermore, when fathers show high levels of antisociality, fathers' presence appears to have deleterious rather than beneficial effects on child behavior.
The present results suggest the transmission of antisociality from father to child is at least partially environmentally moderated.
Available from: David Olds
- "lvement a priority . On the other hand , a particular challenge which may lead some programs , implementing sites , or providers to resist further father engagement relates to justifiable concerns about the possible dam - aging effects to children by facilitating the engagement of fathers who are antisocial or engage in intimate partner violence ( Blazei et al . , 2008 ; Duggan et al . , 2004 ) ."
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ABSTRACT: Our aim was to examine the rates and predictors of father attendance at nurse home visits in replication sites of the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP). Early childhood programs can facilitate father involvement in the lives of their children, but program improvements require an understanding of factors that predict father involvement. The sample consisted of 29,109 low-income, first-time mothers who received services from 694 nurses from 80 sites. We conducted mixed-model multiple regression analyses to identify population, implementation, site, and nurse influences on father attendance. Predictors of father attendance included a count of maternal visits (B = 0.12, SE = 0.01, F = 3101.77), frequent contact between parents (B = 0.61, SE = 0.02, F = 708.02), cohabitation (B = 1.41, SE = 0.07, F = 631.51), White maternal race (B = 0.77, SE = 0.06, F = 190.12), and marriage (B = 0.42, SE = 0.08, F = 30.08). Random effects for sites and nurses predicted father-visit participation (2.7 & 6.7% of the variance, respectively), even after controlling for population sociodemographic characteristics. These findings suggest that factors operating at the levels of sites and nurses influence father attendance at home visits, even after controlling for differences in populations served. Further inquiry about these influences on father visit attendance is likely to inform program-improvement efforts.
Infant Mental Health Journal 12/2014; 36(1). DOI:10.1002/imhj.21490 · 0.61 Impact Factor
Available from: Andrew Ninnemann
- "Findings from this study are consistent with previous research that shows that the psychosocial functioning of children is negatively impacted in homes where interparental aggression is present, and where fathers exhibit antisocial personality traits and/or interpersonal hostility (Blazei et al. 2008; Buehler et al. 1997; Low and Stocker 2005). As such, these findings support informing men mandated to BIPs about how their children can suffer negative consequences as a result of their behavior. "
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ABSTRACT: It is well established that children in homes where interparental violence is present are at increased risk for psychosocial (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and attention) difficulties. However, previous studies have provided a limited view on the variety of factors that commonly co-occur in these environments (e.g., other characteristics of the parents and family) and how they may collectively impact children. Knowing this information could have implications for parental interventions aimed at preventing the continuation or initiation of psychosocial problems in children. Thus, the present study simultaneously examined the association between father-perpetrated interparental aggression, father characteristics, and child psychosocial functioning in a sample of 145 men arrested for domestic violence. Results showed that of all the variables examined, paternal antisocial personality traits and interpersonal hostility were uniquely associated with overall child psychosocial impairment, externalizing problems, and attention problems. Implications for intervention programs are discussed.
Journal of Child and Family Studies 07/2014; 23(5). DOI:10.1007/s10826-013-9748-8 · 1.42 Impact Factor
Available from: Carlin Miller
- "Yet, many of these studies have focused on father–child transmission (e.g. Blazei et al. 2008). Thornberry et al. (2003) investigated the influence of both mother and father antisociality on offspring's behavior, finding that antisocial behavior plays a more central role in the model for fathers than for mothers. "
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ABSTRACT: This study developed a model linking maternal and offspring antisocial behavior, with particular emphasis on whether this link is especially strong in teenage mother–child dyads. Data were taken from a longitudinal government dataset; structural equation modeling and invariance testing was used to test the hypotheses. Good model fit indicated that maternal and offspring antisociality are linked, and antisocial behavior persists across childhood, but that these relationships are not dependent on the mother’s age at primiparity. These results suggest that although maternal behavior predicts offspring antisociality, being the child of a teenage mother is not an independent risk factor for the development of antisociality. Given that mothers in general tend to transmit their antisocial behavior patterns, intervention for antisocial behavior patterns in females before or during adolescence should contribute to a significant lessening of not only their own behavior problems, but also the incidence of antisocial behavior in their future offspring.
Journal of Child and Family Studies 03/2014; 24(3). DOI:10.1007/s10826-013-9890-3 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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