Curcumin, a constituent of curry, suppresses IgE-mediated allergic response and mast cell activation at the level of Syk.

Department of Immunology and physiology, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju, Korea.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology (Impact Factor: 12.05). 06/2008; 121(5):1225-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2007.12.1160
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Activation of mast cells through the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) underlies atopic allergic reactions. Curcumin can block this activation, but the mechanism and the effects of curcumin on IgE-mediated allergic reactions are unknown.
We sought to determine the antiallergic activity of curcumin in vivo and its mechanism of action in mast cells.
The antiallergic activity of curcumin was evaluated in mast cell cultures and the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis model. The effects of curcumin on mast cell signaling events were examined by using immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, RT-PCR, and other molecular biologic approaches.
Curcumin inhibited antigen-mediated activation of mast cells and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in mice. Suppression of degranulation and secretion of TNF-alpha and IL-4 was apparent at concentrations as low as 3 micromol/L curcumin in activated mast cells. Similar concentrations of curcumin suppressed Syk-dependent phosphorylations of the adaptor proteins linker of activated T cells and Grb2-associated binder 2, which are critical for mast cell activation. Although curcumin did not inhibit the phosphorylation of Syk itself, it directly inhibited Syk kinase activity in vitro. Further downstream, activating phosphorylations of Akt and the mitogen-activated protein kinases p38, p44/42 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase, which are critical for the production of inflammatory cytokines, were also inhibited.
Curcumin inhibits Syk kinase-dependent signaling events in mast cells and might thus contribute to its antiallergic activity. Therefore curcumin might be useful for the treatment of mast cell-related immediate and delayed allergic diseases.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the past decades an increasing prevalence of allergic disorders was observed in industrialized countries. Thus, it is necessary to develop adequate therapeutic and preventive strategies. Many of the conservative strategies possess diverse harmful side effects. Therefore agents with fewer side effects and a better compliance among afflicted patients would be of interest. Especially substances with natural origin acting immunomodulatory on mast cells – the key effector cells of allergic diseases – could be used. Among them there are components of the daily diet such as distinct fatty acids and amino acids as well as a range of secondary plant substances such as carotenoids, flavonoids and spices. These nutritional substances could be applied as nutraceuticals in the therapy of mast cell associated diseases. Many of these substances show inhibitory influences on the release of prestored mast cell mediators such as histamine or de novo expression of mast cell mediators such as cytokines and eicosanoids which are involved in the pathogenesis of mast cell associated inflammatory conditions like allergic reactions.
    Molecular Immunology 01/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Curcumin is naturally occurring polyphenolic compound found in turmeric and has many pharmacological activities. The present study was undertaken to evaluate anti-allergic inflammatory activity of curcumin, and to investigate its inhibitory mechanisms in immunoglobulin E (IgE)/Ag-induced mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) and in a mouse model of IgE/Ag-mediated passive systemic anaphylaxis (PSA). Curcumin inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) dependent prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) dependent leukotriene C4 (LTC4) generation dose-dependently in BMMCs. To probe the mechanism involved, we assessed the effects of curcumin on the phosphorylation of Syk and its downstream signal molecules. Curcumin inhibited intracellular Ca(2+) influx via phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) activation and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway. Furthermore, the oral administration of curcumin significantly attenuated IgE/Ag-induced PSA, as determined by serum LTC4, PGD2, and histamine levels. Taken together, this study shows that curcumin offers a basis for drug development for the treatment of allergic inflammatory diseases.
    Biomolecules and Therapeutics 01/2014; 22(1):27-34. · 0.79 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aceriphyllum rossii contains an abundant source of natural flavonoids with potential antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of Aceriphyllum rossii extract (ARE) on immunoglobulin E-mediated allergic responses remains unknown. In the present study, the effects of ARE and its active compounds, quercetin and kaempferol, on IgE-mediated rat basophilic leukemia mast cell activation and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) were investigated. ARE, quercetin, and kaempferol inhibited secretion of β-hexosaminidase and histamine, and reduced the production and mRNA expression of interleukin-4 and tumor necrosis factor-α. ARE also decreased the production of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 and expression of cyclooxygenase 2 and 5-lipoxygenase. Furthermore, ARE, quercetin, and kaempferol inhibited IgE-mediated phosphorylation of Syk, phospholipase Cγ, protein kinase C (PKC)μ, and the mitogen-activated protein kinases, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. ARE, quercetin, and kaempferol markedly suppressed mast cell-dependent PCA in IgE-sensitized mice. These results indicate that ARE and its active constituents, quercetin and kaempferol, may be a useful therapy for immediate-type hypersensitivity.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 04/2014; · 2.91 Impact Factor