Alcohol drinking frequency in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference.

Center for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Impact Factor: 6.77). 04/2008; 87(4):957-63.
Source: PubMed


Cross-sectional studies have reported a lower prevalence of abdominal obese persons among frequent drinkers than among nonfrequent drinkers.
We tested the hypothesis that drinking frequency is associated with subsequent changes in waist circumference.
Data come from a prospective cohort study conducted in 1993-1997 (baseline) and 1999-2002 (follow-up) and included 43 543 men and women. Baseline information on alcohol drinking frequency was related to 1) change in waist circumference by linear regression and 2) major gain and major loss in waist circumference (defined as waist change in the lowest or highest quintile of waist changes) by polytomous logistic regression, also taking into account amount of alcohol intake.
Drinking frequency was inversely associated with changes in waist circumference in women and was unassociated with changes in waist circumference in men. Drinking frequency was unassociated with major waist loss but was inversely associated with major waist gain: odds ratios among men were 0.97 (95% CI: 0.73, 1.28), 0.95 (95% CI: 0.81, 1.12), 0.88 (95% CI: 0.77, 0.99), 0.82 (95% CI: 0.71, -0.95), and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.69, 0.9) for never drinking, drinking on 1, 2-4, 5-6, and 7 d/wk, respectively, compared with men who drank alcohol on <1 d/wk (P for trend < 0.0001). Results for women were similar. Adjustment for the amount of alcohol intake or total energy intake did not affect results considerably.
Drinking pattern may be associated with development of abdominal obesity; in this prospective study, drinking frequency was inversely associated with major waist gain and was unassociated with major waist loss.

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    • "Reports on the relation of alcohol consumption with central obesity have been inconsistent.8,41–43 Our study detected higher risk of central obesity in current drinkers and former drinkers than nondrinkers. "
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    Journal of Epidemiology 06/2014; 24(5). DOI:10.2188/jea.JE20130112 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    • "The positive association between alcohol intake and weight gain observed in our study is consistent with observations of cross-sectional and prospective studies from Sweden [27], the USA [8] [12], France [6], the UK [9], Spain [28], and Holland [7]. However, other studies have found a non-significant [16] or even inverse [15] [29] associations. Recently, Wang et al. [15 Q1 ], in a large American cohort including only elderly women, found that light to moderate alcohol consumers compared with non-drinkers gained less weight and had a lower risk of becoming overweight/obese during follow-up. "
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    Nutrition 12/2010; 27(7-8):802-8. DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2010.08.023 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    • "Both have been reported to be highly correlated with alcohol intake [6]. but there are some studies which show that regular alcohol intake is not involved in the development of abdominal obesity [7]. "
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    05/2010; 32:e2010007. DOI:10.4178/epih/e2010007
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