Encapsulation of indomethacin using coaxial ultrasonic atomization followed by solvent evaporation.
ABSTRACT We have encapsulated indomethacin into poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) using coaxial ultrasonic atomization technique. The specific aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of drug loading and a change in relative concentration of polymer in the inner and outer layers of coflowing spray liquids on the physicochemical characteristics of the particles. Indomethacin, a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, was selected as a model compound. The micro/nanocapsules prepared using a drug free PLGA solution as an outer layer showed higher encapsulation efficiency. Thermal analysis of the formulations indicated that indomethacin was dissolved within the PLGA matrix. The formulations prepared with 25 mg indomethacin showed relatively smaller particle size compared with the formulations prepared with 50 mg indomethacin. The particles, in general, showed bi- and tri-modal distribution. Irrespective of the compositions of the liquids 1 and 2, all the particles were smooth and spherical. A cross-section view of the particles revealed the presence of three different internal morphologies. These formulations were a mixture of hollow or solid spheres, and single or multiple spheres encapsulated into a larger sphere. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study revealing the cross-sectional view of particles prepared with coaxial ultrasonic atomization technique.
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ABSTRACT: In this review, new approaches to the microencapsulation processes, widely used in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical products, are discussed focusing the attention on the emerging ultrasonic atomization technique. Fundamentals and novel aspects are presented, and advantages of ultrasonic atomization in terms of intensification and low energy requests are emphasized.European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics: official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V 01/2012; 80(3):471-7. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biodegradable polylactide microparticles with encapsulated cytotoxic protein viscumin were obtained via the ultrasound-assisted supercritical fluid technique. The size of the microparticles was 10-50 µM, as shown by electron microscopy. The time course of viscumin release from microparticles was studied using an immunoenzyme test system with anti-viscumin monoclonal antibodies. It was found that 99.91% of the cytotoxic protein was incorporated into polymer microparticles. Only 0.08% of the initially encapsulated viscumin was released from the microparticles following incubation for 120 h in a phosphate-buffered saline at neutral pH. Importantly, the method of ultrasonic dry supercritical fluid encapsulation failed to alter both the cytotoxic potency and the immunochemical properties of the encapsulated viscumin. Thus, this procedure can be used to generate biodegradable polylactide microparticles with encapsulated bioactive substances.Acta naturae. 01/2012; 4(1):101-6.
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ABSTRACT: Scaffold-based interfacial tissue engineering aims to not only provide the structural and mechanical framework for cellular growth and tissue regeneration, but also direct cell behavior. Due to the disparity in composition of the osteochondral (cartilage and bone) interface, this work has developed a novel biomimetic biphasic nanocomposite scaffold integrating two biocompatible polymers containing tissue-specific growth factor-encapsulated core–shell nanospheres. Specifically, a poly(caprolactone) (PCL)-based bone layer was successfully integrated with a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel cartilage layer. In addition, a novel nanosphere fabrication technique for efficient growth factor encapsulation and sustained delivery via a wet coaxial electrospray technique was developed. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) adhesion, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation were evaluated. Our in vitro results showed significantly improved hMSC adhesion and differentiation in bone and cartilage layers, respectively. Studies have demonstrated promising results with novel biphasic nanocomposite scaffold for osteochondral tissue regeneration, thus, warranting further studies. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2013AIChE Journal 12/2013; · 2.49 Impact Factor