Cationized starch-based material as a new ion-exchanger adsorbent for the removal of C.I. Acid Blue 25 from aqueous solutions.
ABSTRACT This article describes the use of a cationized starch-based material as new ion-exchanger adsorbent for the removal of C.I. Acid Blue 25 (AB 25) from aqueous solutions. Batch adsorption studies concerning the effects of contact time, pH and temperature are presented and discussed. Adsorption experimental data showed that: (i) the process was uniform and rapid: adsorption of dye reached equilibrium in 50 min in the wide pH range of dye solutions; (ii) adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second order model; (iii) the Langmuir model yielded a much better fit than the Freundlich model for the dye concentration range under study; (iv) this adsorbent exhibited interesting adsorption capacities: on the basis of the Langmuir analysis, the maximum adsorption capacity was determined to be 322 mg of dye per gram of material at 25 degrees C; (v) the adsorption capacity decreased with increasing temperature; and (vi) the negative value of free energy change indicated the spontaneous nature of adsorption.
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ABSTRACT: The preparation, characterization, and environmental application of β-cyclodextrin/citric acid/wood flour (β-CD/CA/WF) graft copolymer wood-based biosorbent for methylene blue (MB) biosorption were investigated in this paper. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the technique of phenolphthalein probe were used to characterize the grafting β-CD. Furthermore, the biosorption behavior of MB on β-CD/CA/WF graft copolymer was studied under various conditions of pH, contact time, and initial MB concentration. The results indicated that the biosorption of MB was dependent on both the initial MB concentration and the initial pH. Langmuir isotherm model fitted the isotherm data better than the Freundlich model. The adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and intraparticle diffusion was one of the effective rate-controlling steps for the entire biosorption period. Equilibrium and kinetic results have implied that β-CD/CA/WF graft copolymer could be considered as a promising material for the adsorption of dye from aqueous solutions.Wood Science and Technology 11/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new crosslinked starch microsphere (CSM) was synthesized in a microwave-assisted inversed emulsion system with soluble starch (ST) as a raw material, MBAA as a crosslinker, and K2S2O8-NaHSO3 as an initiator. The synthesized starch microsphere was characterized and examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM), FTIR spectroscopy and adsorption isotherms of N2 at 77K. Adsorption performance was investigated in methyl violet solution. The results showed that the maximum adsorption capacity for MV was 99.3mg/g at 298K, and the adsorption fitted pseudo-second-order kinetic model well with correlation coefficients greater than 0.99. The isothermal data obeyed the Langmuir model better compared to Freundlich model and Tempkin model, and the adsorption was exothermic and spontaneous. pH variations (2.0-10.0) did not significantly affect the adsorption of MV onto CSM.Journal of hazardous materials 10/2013; · 4.14 Impact Factor
- Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 01/2014; 53:11838. · 2.24 Impact Factor