Interleukin-10 gene polymorphism in bone marrow transplant recipients.
ABSTRACT Graft-versus-host disease is the main complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplant, occurring even after donor and recipient human leukocyte antigen matching, apparently because of donor/recipient minor histocompatibility antigen mismatches and cytokine polymorphisms. Interleukin-10 suppresses several activities of the immune response by inhibiting T helper 1 and T helper 2 cells. These properties suggest that interleukin-10 could act as a suppressive mediator and prevent graft-versus-host disease. This study evaluates the association between the interleukin-10 promoter gene polymorphism and transplant outcomes among 18 recipients of cytokine-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells from human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling donors.
We analyzed 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms in the proximal region of the interleukin-10 promoter gene (-1082/-819/-592) by the amplification refractory mutation system and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Eighteen donors and their recipients who had undergone an allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant at the Bone Marrow Transplant Center in Nemazi Hospital (Shiraz, Southern Iran) between September 2005 and September 2006 were enrolled.
The GCC haplotype (1082G/819C/592C) was predominant in both the donor and the recipient, but no significant correlations were present between the GCC haplotype in either the donor or the recipient and the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (P = .56).
The interleukin-10 promoter gene polymorphism was found not to be associated with acute graft-versus-host disease in patients after an allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant from human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling donors. Additional studies with larger samples are necessary to further define the influence of interleukin-10 on the immune response after bone marrow transplant.
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ABSTRACT: Consolidating the information that we have on pharmacogenetics and on cytokine genetics to produce patient-oriented individualized drug regimens is an important challenge in transplantation medicine. Using a multi-variant approach based on genetic profile and other relevant clinical factors a score system may be developed to predict the severity of rejection, infection, or other complications associated with transplantation. The ultimate goal of these studies is to improve patient outcome through individualized drug regimens.Current Opinion in Immunology 11/2008; 20(5):614-25. DOI:10.1016/j.coi.2008.08.002 · 7.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a significant complication that greatly enhances morbidity and mortality associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Key immunoregulatory molecules have been implicated in the pathogenesis of GVHD, but the mechanisms by which these molecules affect the incidence and severity of GVHD have not been fully elucidated. The effects of genetic polymorphisms in immunoregulatory molecules, including cytokines, costimulatory and adhesion molecules, pharmacogenes and growth factors, have been shown to play a central role in GVHD. The results of these polymorphism studies contribute to the identification of predictive risk factors for GVHD based on individual polymorphism makeup. This review summarizes investigations of genetic polymorphisms in immunoregulatory molecules significantly associated with GVHD over the last 5 years.Expert Review of Clinical Immunology 09/2009; 5(5):523-34. DOI:10.1586/eci.09.44 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Several studies have demonstrated that genetic variation in cytokine genes can modulate the immune reactions after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). High mobility group box 1 protein (HMBG1) is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a pro-inflammatory signal, important for the activation of antigen presenting cells (APCs) and propagation of inflammation. HMGB1 is implicated in the pathophysiology of a variety of inflammatory diseases, and we have recently found the variation in the HMGB1 gene to be associated with mortality in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. To assess the impact of the genetic variation in HMGB1 on outcome after allogeneic HCT, we genotyped 276 and 146 patient/donor pairs treated with allogeneic HCT for hematologic malignancies following myeloablative (MA) or nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning. Associations between genotypes and outcome were only observed in the cohort treated with MA conditioning. Patient homozygosity or heterozygosity for the-1377delA minor allele was associated with increased risk of relapse (hazard ratio [HR] 2.11, P = .02) and increased relapse related mortality (RRM) (P = .03). Furthermore, patient homozygosity for the 3814C > G minor allele was associated with increased overall survival (OS; HR 0.13, P = .04), progression free survival (PFS; HR 0.30, P = .05) and decreased probability of RRM (P = .03). Patient carriage of the 2351insT minor allele reduced the risk of grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (HR 0.60, P = .01), whereas donor homozygosity was associated with chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (HR 1.54, P = .01). Our findings suggest that the inherited variation in HMGB1 is associated with outcome after allogeneic HCT following MA conditioning. None of the polymorphisms were associated with treatment-related mortality (TRM).Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2009; 16(2):239-52. DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2009.10.002 · 3.35 Impact Factor