Tailored resective pancreatic surgery for pediatric patients with chronic pancreatitis
ABSTRACT Surgical treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children comprises predominantly nonresective draining procedures. The purpose of this study was to identify indications, techniques, and results of organ-preserving resective pancreatic procedures for pediatric CP at our institution.
A retrospective chart review was performed of all children undergoing pancreatic surgery for CP over a period of 4 years.
Overall, 6 pediatric patients (3 male, 3 female, ages 7-18 years) underwent a duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (3), a middle segmental pancreatic resection (2), or a distal pancreatectomy (1) for CP of different etiologies (idiopathic 2, posttraumatic 2, pancreas divisum 1, situs inversus 1). No mortality or major surgical complication occurred. Mean operative time was 294 min (207-412 min) and intraoperative blood loss was 541 mL (100-1300 mL). Postoperative hospital stay was 13 days (10-18 days). No endocrine or exocrine insufficiency occurred during follow up of 46 months (25-50 m), and pain control was improved in 5 of 6 patients.
Tailored organ-preserving resective pancreatic surgery can be performed with low morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients with CP and not responding to conservative treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Data on therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children and adolescents, especially with long-term follow-up of consequences, are rarely reported. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term follow-up results of therapeutic ERCP for CP in children and adolescents. All patients with CP who received therapeutic ERCP at Changhai Hospital from January 1997 to May 2009, with the age at first onset of pain being less than 18.0 years, were included. Attempts were made to contact all adolescents and follow-up data were recorded. Clinical data were assessed before and after every ERCP. Follow-up information was available in 42 (91.3%) of the 46 patients who received therapeutic ERCP. There were 20 boys and 22 girls, with the age at first onset being 11.8+/-4.5 years. A total of 110 therapeutic ERCP sessions were performed in the 42 patients. The post-ERCP complication rate was 17.3%, including mild and moderate pancreatitis (n=17) and mild cholangitis (n=2). The mean follow-up period of time was 61.4 (range: 24-132) months. Five patients underwent subsequent surgery because of refractory abdominal pain after endotherapy. Of the remaining 37 patients who received therapeutic ERCP alone, abdominal pain improved in 30 (81.1%) patients, and was completely relieved in 24 (64.9%) patients during the period of follow-up. Therapeutic ERCP may offer long-term improvement in pain in children and adolescents with CP.The American Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2010; 105(8):1884-92. DOI:10.1038/ajg.2010.85 · 9.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Central pancreatectomy (CP) is a parenchyma-sparing surgical procedure that enables the removal of benign and/or low-grade malignant lesions from the neck and proximal body of the pancreas. The aim of this review was to evaluate the short- and long-term surgical results of CP from all published studies, and the results of comparative studies of CP versus distal pancreatectomy (DP). Eligible studies published between 1988 and 2010 were reviewed systematically. Comparisons between CP and DP were pooled and analysed by meta-analytical techniques using random- or fixed-effects models, as appropriate. Ninety-four studies, involving 963 patients undergoing CP, were identified. Postoperative morbidity and pancreatic fistula rates were 45·3 and 40·9 per cent respectively. Endocrine and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency was reported in 5·0 and 9·9 per cent of patients. The overall mortality rate was 0·8 per cent. Compared with DP, CP had a higher postoperative morbidity rate and a higher incidence of pancreatic fistula, but a lower risk of endocrine insufficiency (relative risk (RR) 0·22, 95 per cent confidence interval 0·14 to 0·35; P < 0·001). The risk of exocrine failure was also lower after CP, although this was not significant (RR 0·59, 0·32 to 1·07; P = 0·082). CP is a safe procedure with good long-term functional reserve. In situations where DP represents an alternative, CP is associated with a slightly higher risk of early complications.British Journal of Surgery 06/2013; 100(7):873-85. DOI:10.1002/bjs.9136 · 5.21 Impact Factor
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery 07/2009; 20(2):125-8. DOI:10.1055/s-0029-1224192 · 0.98 Impact Factor