Treatment of advanced-stage Kienbock's disease with proximal row carpectomy: An average 15-year follow-up
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical results of a proximal row carpectomy with an average 15-year follow-up for the primary treatment of advanced-stage (Lichtman IIIA and IIIB) Kienböck's disease. This study is a follow-up to a paper by the senior author in a similar cohort of patients where the clinical results of a proximal row carpectomy were evaluated for the treatment of advanced-stage Kienböck's disease at an average 3-year follow-up.
Seventeen patients with a minimum of 10 years of follow-up were identified who met criteria for inclusion. Thirteen of these patients were located and agreed to participate. Patients were seen, examined, and queried regarding their wrists. Range of motion, grip strength, and subjective patient satisfaction were all obtained and quantified using a clinical outcomes scale.
Twelve of 13 patients demonstrated excellent or good results based on the clinical outcomes scale used (5 excellent, 7 good, 1 fair, and none poor). Total arc of motion averaged 73% of the uninvolved side. Grip strength averaged 92% of the uninvolved side. Compared with preoperative values, range of motion improved an average of 16% and grip strength improved an average of 129%, an overall average improvement of 12 degrees and 18 kg, respectively. At the most recent follow-up, all patients remained employed. Seven patients held manual labor positions, 2 were nurses, and 4 were employed in sedentary vocations. All patients demonstrated some degree of degenerative changes, usually localized to the radiocapitate articulation in the lunate fossa. Clinical results did not correlate with radiographic degeneration.
This study demonstrates proximal row carpectomy to be a reliable motion-preserving procedure with good clinical results maintained out to an average of 15 years postoperatively.
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ABSTRACT: To examine 3-dimensional carpal alignment and radioscaphoid joint (RSJ) congruity among normal wrists and those with Lichtman stage III Kienböck disease or scapholunate dislocation (SLD). We conducted 3-dimensional analysis based on computed tomographic data to compare 10 wrists of stage III Kienböck disease (5 IIIa and 5 IIIb) with 5 normal wrists and 3 wrists with SLD. A markerless bone registration technique was used to investigate the 3-dimensional position of the scaphoid relative to the radius. To evaluate RSJ congruency, the inferred contact area between the scaphoid proximal pole and the distal radius was calculated from 3-dimensional bone models. The scaphoid position was not significantly different from normal wrists in stage IIIa Kienböck disease. Stage IIIb Kienböck disease was meaningfully associated with a flexed scaphoid and proximal translation of the centroid, but not dorsal translation of the scaphoid proximal pole, where RSJ congruity was preserved. With SLD, the scaphoid flexed to the same extent as that in stage IIIb Kienböck disease, and the proximal pole translated dorsally together with the capitate, producing RSJ incongruity. The patterns of carpal collapse differed between stage IIIb Kienböck disease and SLD in terms of RSJ congruity. Our study showed that stage IIIb Kienböck disease did not involve dorsal subluxation of the scaphoid proximal pole and that RSJ congruity was retained, unlike SLD. Our results suggest that carpal collapse in Kienböck disease is not associated with RSJ incongruity, which may explain why there are asymptomatic patients with Kienböck disease and carpal collapse. Diagnostic II. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.The Journal Of Hand Surgery 01/2015; 40(1):74-80. DOI:10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.10.035 · 1.66 Impact Factor
Article: Kienböck's disease[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of Kienböck's disease is not well understood: factors that were previously considered as potentially being responsible for the disease are now only seen as predisposing factors that contribute to discovering pre-existing disease. The natural history of the disease is also not well known. The arthroscopic classification proposed by Bain and Begg is now an essential supplement to the well-known Lichtman radiographic classification system. Various treatment options exist and some are better suited to each stage of the disease. This review will explore the advantages and disadvantages of these treatment options and match them with the best indications.Chirurgie de la Main 12/2014; 34(1). DOI:10.1016/j.main.2014.10.149 · 0.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Materials and Methods: In a historical cohort, 16 skeletally mature patients (9 men and 7 women) with Kienbock disease, who were treated with radial shortening osteotomy between 2002 and 2012, were reviewed in our study. The mean age of our patients was 30 (range 18-43) years old. According to Litchman staging, there were 7 wrists at stage II and 9 wrists at stage III (6 at stage IIIA and 3 at stage IIIB). The data of grip strength, pain (visual analog scale (VAS) score), wrist range of motion (ROM), ulnar variance (according to Palmer method), and the Lichtman stage were gathered before and after surgery. We evaluated overall wrist function using the Mayo Wrist score and disabilities of the arm shoulder and hand (DASH) score before surgery and at the last follow-up. Results: The average of follow-up was 7 years (range from 5 to 9 years). Preoperative ulnar variance was –1.3 mm (range from 2.5 to 1) preoperatively. The mean postoperative ulnar variance was 1 mm positive (range from 0.5 to 1.5). The VAS pain score, the mean arc of wrist flexion and extension, and grip strength improved significantly preoperatively compared to after recovery from surgery. The Lichtman stage was unchanged in nine patients, one grade worse in six patients, and one grade better in one patient. The mean DASH and Mayo scores improved significantly postoperatively compare with preoperation. Comparing preoperative positive, neuter, and negative ulnar variance, there was no significant difference in terms of VAS, DASH, and Mayo scores as well as ROM and grip strength. Conclusion: Our study shows that radius shortening surgery improves pain and disability regardless of ulnar variance. Key words: Kienbock’s disease, mid-term, radial shortening