New aspects of the renin-angiotensin system in blood pressure regulation.
ABSTRACT The renin-angiotensin system, composed of enzymatic and signal-transduction cascades, plays a key role in the regulation of arterial blood pressure and in the development of certain forms of experimental and human hypertension. The products of this system, angiotensin peptides, exert a wide range of physiologically important effects on many tissues, including those of the cardiovascular system, through their actions on angiotensin receptors. Molecular genetic and transgenic studies have begun to implicate some of the genes encoding components of the renin-angiotensin system in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Recently, we succeeded in generating mice homozygous for a targeted disruption of the angiotensinogen gene (the only known precursor of angiotensins), resulting in the complete loss of angiotensin signals in vivo. Here, we review new developments related to the functional analysis of the renin-angiotensin system, in particular, by focusing on transgenic approaches including gene targeting.
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ABSTRACT: Essential hypertension is a common human disease believed to result from the interplay of multiple genetic and environmental determinants. In genetic studies of two large panels of hypertensive sibships from widely separated geographical areas, we obtained evidence of genetic linkage between the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) and hypertension, demonstrated association of AGT molecular variants with the disease, and found significant differences in plasma concentrations of angiotensinogen among hypertensive subjects with different AGT genotypes. The corroboration and replication afforded by these results support the interpretation that molecular variants of AGT constitute inherited predispositions to essential hypertension in humans.Cell 11/1992; 71(1):169-80. · 31.96 Impact Factor
- Annual Review of Physiology 01/1994; 56:811-29. · 19.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adenovirus early 1 (E1) region gene products, including E1A and E1B, are required for transcriptional regulation of viral and cellular promoters in infected and transfected culture cells and for transformation of primary rodent cells. Here, we established a line of transgenic mice carrying the E1 region gene of human adenovirus type 12 under the control of the human renin promoter, in which a neuroectodermal tumor derived from retroperitoneal, olfactory, and/or pelvic regions was heritably developed with varying degrees of incidence and the phenotype was successfully passed through six generations. The transgenes were located in the region E2-E3 bands of chromosome 7 with which no genetic linkage to neuroectodermal tumors was previously demonstrated, and expressed only in the tumors but not in another tissue examined. Notably, in addition to the expression of a neural marker gene N-CAM, the three nuclear oncogenes, c-, L-, and N-myc, were coexpressed in the tumors. These results suggest that E1A and E1B are cooperatively involved in the heritable formation of neuroectodermal tumors associated with co-expression of the three sets of myc family genes.Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 03/1995; 57(4):691 - 700. · 3.06 Impact Factor