[Analysis of spreading of smoking habit among pregnant women admitted to the Prenatal Outpatient Clinic in 2005-2006].
ABSTRACT A harmful influence smoking on health is well known and documented. Smoking during pregnancy has negative influence not only on mothers but also on embryos. In spite of pregnancy is a very good reason to stop smoking only every third pregnant stop smoking during pregnancy. Nicotine, carbon monoxide and cyanide, components of smoke, are very toxic. They have negative influence on immunological mechanisms, and may cause some abnormalities. The aim of this article was to analyse smoking among pregnant, patients of Prenatal Outpatient Clinic where risk of abnormalities and defects during pregnancy is very high. 1088 pregnant, admitted to the prenatal clinic during 2005-2006, was analysed. 288 women were smokers, which made 26% of all patients. There was 23.2% high educated and 43.3% with basic education. Despite of the fact that smoking has negative influence on embryos, pregnant still are smokers. That's why antinicotine therapy should be used during pregnancy.