[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alopecia areata (AA) is a disease involving non-scarring hair loss determined by autoimmune disorders and inflammation. The disease affects hair on the scalp and/or other parts of the body. The AA occurs in people of all ages and affects 1-2% of humans. The purpose of this paper is to present the latest knowledge on the treatment of AA. The decision on the type of treatment depends on the type of hair loss, extent of changes, general health status, the patient's age, and his/her motivation. Treatment methods should be chosen individually for each patient.
Postepy Dermatologii I Alergologii 08/2014; 31(4):262-5. · 0.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The literature review for 2009 covers the principal themes of the speciality and brings new findings in the fields of pathophysiology, clinical features, therapeutical approaches. With regards to atopic dermatitis, we noticed new studies on potential inducing factors (breastfeeding, probiotics, food, vitamins, prematurity, Staphylococcus aureus and constipation). There are also new data on therapy using tacrolimus. With regards to vascular anomalies and especially haemangiomas, the literature comprises new data on evolution and efficacy of propranolol. With regards to congenital nevi, there are studies related to treatment and complications. With regards to warts, the literature brings news about virus transmission and therapy. With regards to genodermatosis (neurofibromatosis type I, cutis laxa, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, epidermolysis bullosa, ichtyoses and pilar diseases), we found novel facts in the fields of molecular analysis, clinical aspects, pathophysiology and quality of life. The literature in 2009 also contains studies on Lyell syndrome, Kawasaki disease, vitiligo, psoriasis, pityriasis rubra pilaris, urticaria and alopecia areata.
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 12/2009; 136. · 0.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper illustrates the mechanism of the U-shaped vortex formation, which has been found by both experiments and DNS in boundary-layer transition. The main goal of this paper is to find how the U-shaped vortex is formed and further developed. According to the results obtained by our direct numerical simulation (DNS) with high order accuracy, the U-shaped vortex is part of the large coherent vortex structure. This new finding is quite different from existing theories which describe that the U-shaped vortex is a secondary vortex induced by second sweeps, and it is newly formed as the head of young turbulence spot and finally breaks down to small pieces. However, it is found that the U-shaped vortex is neither generated by the second sweeps nor the consequent positive spikes. Actually, the U-shaped vortex is induced by the secondary vortices and the solid wall. The new finding also shows the U-shaped vortex is a vortex tube but not the heading wave. In addition, it is found that the U-shaped vortex has the same vorticity sign as the original Λ-shaped vortex legs, which means the U-shaped vortex is not secondary but tertiary. It serves as an additional channel to provide vorticity to support the multiple ring-like vortices when the original vortex tube is stretched and multiple rings are generated.
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