Spermidine and flavonoid conjugates from peanut (Arachis hypogaea) flowers.

National Peanut Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Dawson, Georgia 39842, USA.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.91). 06/2008; 56(9):2960-9. DOI:10.1021/jf703652a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A new spermidine triamide derivative has been isolated from peanut flowers and identified as N (1)-acetyl- N (5), N (10)-di- p-( EE)-coumaroylspermidine on the basis of detailed analysis of NMR, MS, and UV data. Two other spermidine conjugates, N (1), N (5), N (10)-tri- p-( EEE)-coumaroylspermidine and di- p-( EE)-coumaroylspermidine, as well as four flavonoid conjugates (quercetin-3-glucoside, quercetin-3-glucuronide, isorhamnetin-3-glucoside, and isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide) that have been previously reported in organs of other plants, have been found in this study in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.), a representative of the Leguminosae family, for the first time. The dynamics of photoisomerization in the spermidine conjugates have been investigated.

0 0
1 Bookmark
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Orostachys japonicus cultivated in the Republic of Korea was analysed for flavonoid content via HPLC coupled to MS/MS. Amongst 16 compounds that were characterised, eight flavonoids and one alkaloid were characterised for the first time: two procyanidin dimer gallate isomers (1 and 2), epigallochatechin-3-gallate (3), two procyanidin dimer digallate isomers (4 and 9), quercetin 3-O-rhamnosyl-7-O-glucoside (6), myricetin 3-O-glucoside (10), kaempferol (16) and N1,N5,N10-tri-p-(E,E,E)-coumaroylspermidine (15). The identified compounds were quantified by HPLC–UV/DAD. The antioxidant activity of the O. japonicus flavonoids was determined via 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH•), 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS•+) and nitric oxide radical (NO•) scavenging assays.
    Food Chemistry - FOOD CHEM. 01/2011; 124(4):1627-1633.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, tea (Camellia sinensis) flowers have attracted increasing interest because of their content of bioactive compounds such as catechins. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of some characteristic compounds in tea flowers. A principal component analysis of metabolites using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry showed differences in metabolite profile between flowers and leaves of C. sinensis var. Yabukita. Four spermidine derivatives were isolated from tea flowers. One of them was determined as N(1) ,N(5) ,N(10) -tricoumaroyl spermidine based on NMR, MS and UV data. The other three were identified as feruoyl dicoumaroyl spermidine, coumaroyl diferuoyl spermidine and triferuoyl spermidine based on MS(n) data. Tricoumaroyl spermidine as the major spermidine conjugate was not detected in tea leaves. Furthermore, it decreased during floral development and mainly occurred in anthers. This study has provided the first evidence that spermidine-phenolic acid conjugates occur in tea flowers in considerable amounts. Their presence should prompt a reconsideration of the ecological role of tea flowers. From an economic point of view, tea flowers might be suitable as a raw material in the healthcare food and pharmaceutical industries.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 02/2012; 92(10):2128-32. · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This work describes the coupling of a microplate-based antioxidant assay with a hyphenated system consisting of high-performance liquid chromatography-solid-phase extraction-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, i.e., HPLC-SPE-NMR/high-resolution antioxidant assay, for the analysis of complex food extracts. The applicability of the microplate-based antioxidant assay for high-resolution screening of common food phenolics as well as parameters related to their trapping efficiency, elution behavior, and recovery on/from SPE cartridges are described. It was found that the microplate-based high-resolution antioxidant assay is an attractive and easy implementable alternative to direct on-line screening methods. Furthermore, it was shown that Resin SH and Resin GP SPE material are superior to RP C18HD for trapping of phenolic compounds. Proof-of-concept study was performed with caper bud extract, revealing the most important antioxidants to be quercetin, kaempferol, rutin, kaempferol-3-O-β-rutinoside and N(1),N(5),N(10)-triphenylpropenoyl spermidine amides. Targeted isolation of the latter, and comprehensive NMR experiments showed them to be N(1),N(10)-di-(E)-caffeoyl-N(5)-p-(E)-coumaroyl spermidine, N(1)-(E)-caffeoyl-N(5),N(10)-di-p-(E)-coumaroyl spermidine, N(10)-(E)-caffeoyl-N(1),N(5)-di-p-(E)-coumaroyl spermidine, and N(1),N(5),N(10)-tri-p-(E)-coumaroyl spermidine amides.
    Food Chemistry 12/2013; 141(4):4010-8. · 3.33 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 31, 2013