Trastornos de personalidad y psicopatía en hombres condenados por violencia grave contra la pareja

Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Psicothema (Impact Factor: 0.96). 06/2008; 20(2):193-198.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this paper, a study of personality disorders and psychopathy in imprisoned male batterers is carried out. A sample of 76 batterers sentenced for a severe offence of violence against their intimate partner was selected. All the participants were assessed with the MCMI-II before beginning a treatment program in prison for gender violence. Likewise, all participants were assessed with the PCL-R in order to identify psychopathic symptoms. According to the results, 86.8% of the sample showed at least one personality disorder. The most prevalent one was the Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder (57.8% of cases), followed by the Dependent Personality Disorder (34.2% of cases) and Paranoid Personality Disorder (25%). Regarding psychopathy, the results of PCL-R showed that there were 11 people (14.4% of the sample) who met the criteria for psychopathy or probable psychopathy. Finally, implications of this study for clinical practice and future research in this field are commented upon.

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    ABSTRACT: With the aim of knowing the mental health state and the problem solving skills of convicted male intimate-partner violence offenders to mandatory community rehabilitation, a study was designed. As for this, the mental health state (SCL-90-R; Derogatis, 2002) and the coping strategies (CRI-A; Moos, 1993) of 60 adult males were assessed, 30 serving to mandatory community rehabilitation programmes and 30 from the normative population without intimate partner violence background. Both subsamples were matched in sociodemographic characteristics. The results showed significant higher rates of symptomatology at the SCL-90-R depression dimension and at the GSI and PSDI distress global indices for batterers in comparison with non-batterers. This clinical symptomatology is a feature of the convicted persons, and it does not interference the treatment efficacy. No differences were observed between batterers and non-batterers in the skills for problem solving in general. In consequence, the batterers’ lack to problem solving is limited to the intimate partner violence context only. Resumen Se diseñó un estudio de campo con el objeto de conocer el estado de salud mental y las capacidades de resolución de problemas de condenados por violencia de género que cumplen la pena en la comunidad. Para ello se evaluó el estado de salud mental (SCL-90-R; Derogatis, 2002) y las estrategias de afrontamiento de situaciones problemáticas (CRI-A; Moos, 1993) de 60 varones mayores de edad, 30 de ellos cumpliendo condena por violencia de género en la comunidad y 30 sin antecedentes de violencia de género de varones de la población normativa, equiparados ambos grupos en características sociodemográficas. Los resultados arrojaron diferencias significativas entre ambas poblaciones en la escala de Depresión del SCL-90-R, y en las escalas globales GSI y PSDI, observándose un mayor padecimiento sintomático entre los maltratadores. Esta mayor presencia de sintomatología clínica es propia de las poblaciones de penados en cumplimiento de la pena y, en todo caso, no interfiere la eficacia del tratamiento. Por su parte, no se observaron diferencias en las capacidades generales de resolución de problemas. En consecuencia, la carencia de capacidades para la resolución de problemas de los maltratadores se limita únicamente al contexto de la violencia de género.
    Psicología Jurídica y Forense. Investigación-Acción, Edited by Ramón Arce, Francisca Fariña, Mercedes Novo, Dolores Seijo, 01/2014: chapter Coping strategies and mental health in offenders of intimate partner violence: pages 285-296; , ISBN: 978-84-8408-786-1.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, psychological assessment of 127 women presenting charges of gender-based violence (GVB) and 55 male suspects, were analyzed by the MCMI-III, as well as the influence of sociodemographic data and GVB features on these MCMI-III scores. Average age of women was 36.25 (SD = 10.48) and average age of men was 42.54 years old (SD = 12.93). Both groups were referred to the Legal Medicine Institute by the Woman Violence Court and all of them were administered the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III (MCMI-III). Differential profiles according to age, maltreatment duration and years of cohabitation were obtained. Women presented high scores in Social desirability, Compulsive personality, Anxiety, Dysthymia, Somatization and Depression. Men presented Narcissistic features, Depression and Substance abuse. As maltreatment extended in time, Schizoid, Depressive and Self-destructive features increased in women, as well as Dysthymia and PTSD, obtaining lower scores on Social desirability and Histrionic personality.
    Anuario de Psicología Jurídica 01/2014; 24(1):9–18. DOI:10.1016/j.apj.2014.06.001
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    ABSTRACT: It is common to refer emotional variables to describe the profile of partner-violent men as well as to include them in treatment programs. This study compares scores on adult attachment, empathy and self-esteem of 90 offenders in prison and a control group from the general population (N = 94). Both samples were assessed with the Adult Attachment Questionnaire, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The offenders were also classified into two clusters to assess the possible existence of a pathological subtype and other similar to the control group. The results show no significant differences between groups. Although the prevailing hypothesis in the academic context has not been confirmed, the results are consistent with recent studies that indicate no differences between aggressors and control groups. The effect of the assessment tools on the results and their usefulness for interventions are discussed.
    07/2012; 30(2):61-70. DOI:10.4067/S0718-48082012000200006


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May 22, 2014