Oral health-related quality of life in children: part III. Is there agreement between parents in rating their children's oral health-related quality of life? A systematic review.
ABSTRACT One issue that receives a great deal of attention is the comparison between measurement of children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) reports with those of their parents. However, the extent to which parents understand the effects of ill-health on their children's lives remains unanswered. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the literature on the nature, extent and the pattern of agreement/disagreement between parent and child reports about child OHRQoL and assess the association between them.
The literature was searched using MEDLINE, ISI, Lilacs and Scielo, from January 1985 to March 2007. The selected studies used well-validated instruments and provided children's and parent's perceptions of child OHRQoL.
A total of 87 articles were retrieved and five were selected for the review, which showed that children and parents do not necessarily share similar views about child OHRQoL. Some parents may have limited knowledge about their children's OHRQoL, particularly the impact on social and emotional well-being.
Valid and reliable information can be obtained from parents and children using appropriate questionnaire techniques. Although the parents' reports may be incomplete due to lack of knowledge about certain experiences, they still provide useful information.
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ABSTRACT: Few studies assessed the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and malocclusions on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in preschool children. To assess the impact of the presence of TDI and malocclusions, as well as its severity and types, respectively, on the OHRQoL of preschool children. The study was conducted in 1215 children aged 1-4 years old who attended the National Day of Children Vaccination in Diadema, Brazil. Parents answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) and socio-demographic conditions. Calibrated dental examiners performed the oral examinations for TDI and malocclusions. Poisson regression models adjusted by dental caries associated the clinical and socio-demographic conditions with the outcome. The multivariate adjusted models showed associations between some individual domains of the B-ECOHIS and clinical and socio-demographic conditions (P < 0.05). The severity of TDI showed a negative impact on the symptoms domain and self-image/social interaction domain (P < 0.05). Children with complicated TDI were more likely to experience a negative impact on total B-ECOHIS scores (PR = 2.10; P = 0.048). The presence of complicated TDI and dental caries were associated with worse OHRQoL of Brazilian preschool children, whereas malocclusions do not.International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 01/2014; · 1.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is growing interest in recognizing oral health as a component in determining quality of life. Dentistry not only focuses on research for rehabilitating oral-dental diseases, but also explores the relationship between oral health status and quality of life for purposes of evaluation, improvement and maintenance. Oral diseases are the most common chronic diseases and remain a major public health problem. This is as a result of their prevalence, and their impact on individuals and society. For this reason, questionnaires for children and their parents or caregivers have been devised to measure the impact of oral conditions on quality of life, with different domains including: pain and inability to perform normal functions of the mouth, sleep disturbances, loss of school days, degree of emotional, social well-being and the impact generated by these conditions in family life. Therefore, the aim of the present systematic review is to show a current overview of the concept of oral health-related quality of life in children and the different instruments that exist around the world to evaluate it.Salud i Ciencia 09/2014; 20(8):846-851. · 0.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 5- to 6-year-olds according to both self- and parental reports. A total of 335 pairs of parents and children who sought dental screening at the Dental School, University of São Paulo, completed the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5), which consists of a child self-report and a parental proxy-report version. Three calibrated examiners assessed the experience of caries according to primary teeth that were decayed, indicated for extraction due to caries, or filled (def-t). TDI were classified into uncomplicated and complicated injuries. Poisson regression models were used to associate the different clinical and sociodemographic factors to the outcome. Overall, 74.6% of children reported an oral impact, and the corresponding estimate for parental reports was 70.5%. The mean (standard deviation) SOHO-5 scores in child self-report and parental versions were 3.32(3.22) and 5.18(6.28), respectively. In both versions, caries was associated with worse children's OHRQoL, for the total score and all SOHO-5 items (P < 0.001). In contrast, TDI did not have a negative impact on children's OHRQoL, with the exception of two items of the parental version and one item of the child self-report version. In the final multivariate adjusted models, there was a gradient in the association between caries experience and child's OHRQoL with worse SOHO-5 score at each consecutive level with more severe caries experience, for both child and parental perceptions [RR (CI 95%) = 6.37 (4.71, 8.62) and 10.81 (7.65, 15.27)], respectively. A greater family income had a positive impact on the children's OHRQoL for child and parental versions [RR (CI 95%) = 0.68 (0.49, 0.94) and 0.70 (0.54, 0.90)], respectively. Dental caries, but not TDI, is associated with worse OHRQoL of 5- to 6-year-old children in terms of perceptions of both children and their parents. Families with higher income report better OHRQoL at this age, independent of the presence of oral diseases.Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology 01/2014; · 1.80 Impact Factor