Albig AR, Becenti DJ, Roy TG, Schiemann WP.. Microfibril-associate glycoprotein-2 (MAGP-2) promotes angiogenic cell sprouting by blocking notch signaling in endothelial cells. Microvasc Res 76: 7-14

Department of Life Sciences, 600 Chestnut St., Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA.
Microvascular Research (Impact Factor: 2.13). 06/2008; 76(1):7-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2008.01.001
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Angiogenesis is highly sensitive to the composition of the vascular microenvironment, however, our understanding of the structural and matricellular components of the vascular microenvironment that regulate angiogenesis and the molecular mechanisms by which these molecules function remains incomplete. Our previous results described a novel pro-angiogenic activity for Microfibril-Associated Glycoprotein-2 (MAGP-2), but did not address the molecular mechanism(s) by which this is accomplished. We now demonstrate that MAGP-2 promotes angiogenic cell sprouting by antagonizing Notch signaling pathways in endothelial cells. MAGP-2 decreased basal and Jagged1 induced expression from the Notch sensitive Hes-1 promoter in ECs, and blocked Jagged1 stimulated Notch1 receptor processing in transiently transfected 293T cells. Interestingly, inhibition of Notch signaling by MAGP-2 seems to be restricted to ECs since MAGP-2 increased Hes-1 promoter activity and Notch1 receptor processing in heterologous cell types. Importantly, constitutive activation of the Notch signaling pathway blocked the ability of MAGP-2 to promote angiogenic cell sprouting, as well as morphological changes associated with angiogenesis. Collectively, these observations indicate that MAGP-2 promotes angiogenic cell spouting in vitro by antagonizing Notch signaling pathways in ECs.

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    • "Both cell-associated and matrix-associated functions have been ascribed to microfibril-associated glycoprotein 2 (MAGP2, official nomenclature MFAP5), a small secreted protein originally identified biochemically from microfibril-rich cartilage tissue (Gibson et al., 1996). In vitro, MAGP2 has been implicated in binding and activation of αvβ3 integrins (Gibson et al., 1999; Mok et al., 2009) and modulation of Notch signaling (Miyamoto et al., 2006; Albig et al., 2008). Although loss of MAGP2 does not grossly affect mammalian lifespan or health (Combs et al., 2013), MAGP2 overexpression has been correlated with poor prognosis in a study of human papillary serous ovarian carcinomas (Mok et al., 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: MAGP2 is a small extracellular protein with both tumor angiogenesis and cell signaling activity. MAGP2 was originally isolated biochemically from microfibril-rich connective tissue. The localization of MAGP2 to microfibrils has been confirmed by both immunohistochemistry and immunogold electron microscopy. Whether MAGP2 binding to microfibrils is regulated post-translationally is still unclear, however, and a better understanding of this process would be instructive to understanding the angiogenesis and signaling functions ascribed to MAGP2. Here we show via immunofluorescence studies that the T3 cell line, derived from ovarian mouse tumor cells, produces abundant fibrillin-2 microfibrils to which MAGP2 can bind. Co-localization of MAGP2 and fibrillin-2 can be detected either when MAGP2 is overexpressed in, or exogenously introduced to, the cells. As expected, matrix association of MAGP2 required its conserved Matrix Binding Domain. Matrix association was positively regulated by proprotein convertase (PC) cleavage of MAGP2; mutation of the MAGP2 PC consensus site reduced the amount of matrix-associated MAGP2. Deletion analysis of the C-terminal 20-amino acid domain that is defined by the PC cleavage site suggests this domain also positively modulates matrix localization of MAGP2, in a manner that requires the amino-terminal half of the protein. Together, our data indicate that matrix localization of MAGP2 by its Matrix Binding Domain is promoted by PC cleavage and the presence of its C-terminal 20 amino acids.
    Matrix Biology 08/2014; 40. DOI:10.1016/j.matbio.2014.08.003 · 5.07 Impact Factor
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    • "A number of genes responsible for cellular migration and invasiveness were downregulated in bone metastases compared with primary tumors (NCK2 [28], PHPT1 [29], LIMK1 [30], TESK1 [31], and TMSB10 [32]). Moreover, a few genes involved in modulation of the extracellular matrix (ADAMTS4 [33], MMP1 [34], MMP3 [35], and angiogenesis (MFAP5 [36], SFRP2 [37], SRPK1 [38], VEGF [39], and CHI3L1 [40]) were found to be expressed at higher levels in the primary breast tumors compared with the bone metastases. Our data support a role for these two gene sets in promoting local invasion at the primary tumor, which may have facilitated breast cancer dissemination to distant organs such as the bone. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Bone is the most common site of breast cancer metastasis, and complications associated with bone metastases can lead to a significantly decreased patient quality of life. Thus, it is essential to gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the emergence and growth of breast cancer skeletal metastases. Methods To search for novel molecular mediators that influence breast cancer bone metastasis, we generated gene-expression profiles from laser-capture microdissected trephine biopsies of both breast cancer bone metastases and independent primary breast tumors that metastasized to bone. Bioinformatics analysis identified genes that are differentially expressed in breast cancer bone metastases compared with primary, bone-metastatic breast tumors. Results ABCC5, an ATP-dependent transporter, was found to be overexpressed in breast cancer osseous metastases relative to primary breast tumors. In addition, ABCC5 was significantly upregulated in human and mouse breast cancer cell lines with high bone-metastatic potential. Stable knockdown of ABCC5 substantially reduced bone metastatic burden and osteolytic bone destruction in mice. The decrease in osteolysis was further associated with diminished osteoclast numbers in vivo. Finally, conditioned media from breast cancer cells with reduced ABCC5 expression failed to induce in vitro osteoclastogenesis to the same extent as conditioned media from breast cancer cells expressing ABCC5. Conclusions Our data suggest that ABCC5 functions as a mediator of breast cancer skeletal metastasis. ABCC5 expression in breast cancer cells is important for efficient osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Hence, ABCC5 may be a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer bone metastasis.
    Breast cancer research: BCR 11/2012; 14(6):R149. DOI:10.1186/bcr3361 · 5.49 Impact Factor
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    • "As true for other secreted matrix proteins, MAGP proteins have been shown to regulate Notch in a context dependent fashion, since MAGP inhibits Notch in endothelial cells (Albig et al., 2008). The biochemical mechanisms that underlying the diversity of its functions remain to be elucidated. "
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    ABSTRACT: Originally discovered nearly a century ago, the Notch signaling pathway is critical for virtually all developmental programs and modulates an astounding variety of pathogenic processes. The DSL (Delta, Serrate, LAG-2 family) proteins have long been considered canonical activators of the core Notch pathway. More recently, a wide and expanding network of non-canonical extracellular factors has also been shown to modulate Notch signaling, conferring newly appreciated complexity to this evolutionarily conserved signal transduction system. Here, I review current concepts in Notch signaling, with a focus on work from the last decade elucidating novel extracellular proteins that up- or down-regulate signal potency.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 08/2011; 43(11):1550-62. DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2011.08.005 · 4.05 Impact Factor
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