Correlates of Self-efficacy among Rural Smokers

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.
Journal of Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.22). 04/2008; 13(3):416-21. DOI: 10.1177/1359105307088144
Source: PubMed


Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited research exists regarding self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking > or =10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking history, and psychosocial variables (e.g. motivation, depression). Among the 750 participants, lower self-efficacy was correlated with high depression scores, shorter previous abstinence, lower autonomous motivation, younger age, higher nicotine dependence, readiness to quit, and being female. Future studies should examine the potential to improve self-efficacy by addressing depression and autonomous motivation.

3 Reads
  • Source
    • "cigarettes per day in Cupertino et al.), and use of different measures and conceptualizations of motivation and self-efficacy. Taken together, these findings not only build upon research identifying a cross-sectional association between motivation and self-efficacy (Berg et al., 2008; Joseph et al., 2003; Martin et al., 2006), and support the predictions of prominent models of drug use and treatment (Miller and Rollnick, 2002; Niaura, 2000; Witkiewitz and Marlatt, 2004), but advance increasing self-efficacy as a vital component of cessation interven- tions. The role of positive affect in smoking cessation is a relatively understudied area, yet positive affect proved to be useful component of the model by virtue of its relationships with self-efficacy. "

    Drug and Alcohol Dependence 07/2014; 140:e29. DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.02.101 · 3.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Individuals with positive feelings are more likely to recognize the importance of health-promoting behaviors and believe that they can personally take actions to maintain and/or improve their health (Ajzen, 2002; Thompson, 1981). Furthermore, psychological competency is associated with one's empowerment and motivation, which is essential for building individuals' capacity to engage in health-promoting behaviors (Aoun et al., 2009; Berg et al., 2008; Ratna and Rifkin, 2007). We contend that psychological competency is a broad construct of positive feelings with various dimensions. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current study examined the influence of health insurance, psychological processes (i.e. psychological competency and vulnerability), and the interaction of these two constructs on older African Americans' utilization of five preventive care services (e.g. cholesterol screening and mammogram/prostate examination) using data from 211 older African Americans (median age = 60). In addition to direct effects, the influence of health insurance sometimes varied depending on respondents' psychological competency and/or vulnerability. Policies and interventions to increase older African Americans' use of preventive health services should consider structural (e.g. health insurance) and psychological (e.g. psychological competency and vulnerability) factors along with the interaction between these factors.
    Journal of Health Psychology 03/2013; 19(4). DOI:10.1177/1359105312474911 · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Fewer studies have associated psychosocial variables which could be targeted by an intervention to enhance self-efficacy. Studies have associated depression symptoms (John et al., 2004; Berg et al., 2008) and situational smoking cues (e.g., at a bar) with smoking cessation self-efficacy (Gwaltney et al., 2001; Gwaltney, Shiffman, & Sayette, 2005). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While numerous studies show that higher levels of smoking cessation self-efficacy predicts motivation to quit smoking and successful smoking cessation, few studies have evaluated factors related to smoking cessation self-efficacy that could be targets of behavioral interventions to promote greater confidence to quit smoking. This study, using a large community sample of smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation treatment program, evaluated potential associations between self-efficacy to quit smoking and demographic (e.g., age, race), smoking-related (e.g., rate, cessation history, past use of treatments), and psychosocial (e.g., stress, cue reactivity, self-medication smoking) variables. The results indicated that Hispanic-American smokers, relative to smokers of other racial/ethnic groups, report significantly lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing internal stimuli (e.g., feeling depressed), as do smokers who report that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms (F(9,576)=6.9, p<.001). The results also indicated that smokers who reported that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms and report high smoking urge reactivity to situations that illicit positive affect (e.g., at a bar, with coffee, at a party) report lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing external stimuli (e.g., during a celebration; F[7,600]=9.05, p<.05). These findings can be used to refine behavioral smoking cessation interventions to increase self-efficacy to quit smoking.
    Addictive behaviors 09/2009; 35(2):175-8. DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.016 · 2.76 Impact Factor
Show more


3 Reads
Available from