Correlates of Self-efficacy among Rural Smokers

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.
Journal of Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.22). 04/2008; 13(3):416-21. DOI: 10.1177/1359105307088144
Source: PubMed


Self-efficacy has been related to intent to stop smoking, abstinence success, and risk for relapse. Because limited research exists regarding self-efficacy among rural smokers, the current study examined correlates of self-efficacy among rural primary care patients smoking > or =10 cigarettes per day. Participants completed a telephone survey assessing demographics, smoking history, and psychosocial variables (e.g. motivation, depression). Among the 750 participants, lower self-efficacy was correlated with high depression scores, shorter previous abstinence, lower autonomous motivation, younger age, higher nicotine dependence, readiness to quit, and being female. Future studies should examine the potential to improve self-efficacy by addressing depression and autonomous motivation.

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    • "Individuals with positive feelings are more likely to recognize the importance of health-promoting behaviors and believe that they can personally take actions to maintain and/or improve their health (Ajzen, 2002; Thompson, 1981). Furthermore, psychological competency is associated with one's empowerment and motivation, which is essential for building individuals' capacity to engage in health-promoting behaviors (Aoun et al., 2009; Berg et al., 2008; Ratna and Rifkin, 2007). We contend that psychological competency is a broad construct of positive feelings with various dimensions. "
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    Journal of Health Psychology 03/2013; 19(4). DOI:10.1177/1359105312474911 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    • "Fewer studies have associated psychosocial variables which could be targeted by an intervention to enhance self-efficacy. Studies have associated depression symptoms (John et al., 2004; Berg et al., 2008) and situational smoking cues (e.g., at a bar) with smoking cessation self-efficacy (Gwaltney et al., 2001; Gwaltney, Shiffman, & Sayette, 2005). "
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