Treatment of Fabry disease with different dosing regimens of agalsidase: Effects on antibody formation and GL-3
ABSTRACT Two different enzyme preparations are used for the treatment of Fabry disease patients, agalsidase alpha (Replagal, Shire) and agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme, Genzyme). Therapeutic efficacy of both products has been variable probably due to differences in gender, severity, age and other patient characteristics. We studied the occurrence of alpha-Gal A antibodies and their effect on urinary and plasma globotriaosylceramide (GL-3), plasma chitotriosidase and clinical outcome in 52 patients after 12 months of treatment with either 0.2mg/kg agalsidase alppha (10 males, 8 females) or beta (8 males, 5 females) or 1.0mg/kg agalsidase beta (10 males, 11 females). Antibodies were detected in 18/28 male patients after 6 months. None of the females developed antibodies. Following 12 months of 0.2mg/kg treatment, urinary GL-3 decreased in antibody negative (AB-) but increased in antibody positive (AB+) patients. Treatment with 1.0mg/kg gave a reduction in urinary GL-3 in both AB- and AB+ patients. Levels of plasma GL-3 and chitotriosidase decreased in all patient groups. Twelve months of 0.2mg/kg treatment did not change renal function or left ventricular mass. Further, no change in renal function was seen following 1.0mg/kg treatment and left ventricular mass decreased in both AB- and AB+ patients. In summary, alpha-Gal A antibodies frequently develop in male Fabry disease patients and interfere with urinary GL-3 excretion. Infusion of a dose of 1.0mg/kg results in a more robust decline in GL-3, less impact, if any of antibodies, stable renal function and reduction of LVMass.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies revealed a high incidence of late-onset Fabry disease mutation, IVS4+919G>A, in Taiwan. However, the natural course is largely unclear and suitable biomarkers for monitoring disease progress are unavailable. Patients carrying IVS4+919G>A or classical Fabry mutations were enrolled in this study. The subjects ranged from newborn to eighty years old adults. Plasma globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and globotriaosylsphingosine (lysoGb3) were measured by LC-MS/MS in subjects to evaluate the sensitivity of these two biomarkers. All adult males and symptomatic females could be distinguished from healthy controls by an elevated plasma lysoGb3 level. The lysoGb3 level was also related to the left ventricular mass considering gender and age (p<0.01). Moreover, approximately 70% of male and 45% of female newborns already had an elevated plasma lysoGb3 level which increased gradually as the subjects got older (p<0.01). Plasma lysoGb3 is a more sensitive and reliable biomarker than plasma Gb3. LysoGb3 also correlated with age and left ventricular mass index in Fabry patients with IVS4+919G>A mutation. Because lots of infants with the IVS4+919G>A mutation already had elevated lysoGb3 levels at birth, that indicates the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may require a long and insidious course after lysoGb3 accumulation.Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 09/2013; 426. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2013.09.008 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a multiorgan X-linked lysosomal storage disease that particularly affects the heart, kidneys, and cerebrovascular system. Current treatment is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme(®), Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA, USA) or agalsidase alfa (Replagal(®), Shire Human Genetic Therapies AB, Lund, Sweden). It was recommended that patients switch to agalsidase alfa due to a manufacturing shortage of agalsidase beta beginning in June 2009. This study assessed the effect of switching to agalsidase alfa on clinical outcomes in patients with AFD previously treated with agalsidase beta. Ten patients (seven male, three female) with genetically confirmed AFD and at least 48 months' continuous data collected during treatment with agalsidase beta 1 mg/kg every other week were switched to agalsidase alfa 0.2 mg/kg every other week for at least 20 months, with prospective clinical evaluations every 6 months. Pre-switch data was collected retrospectively from patient charts. Cardiac functional parameters were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Results showed that renal function was normal (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) in 8 of 10 patients prior to agalsidase alfa and generally remained stable after the switch. Cardiac mass decreased significantly (p < 0.05 vs pre-ERT) after agalsidase beta and remained unchanged after switching to agalsidase alfa. Symptoms of pain and health status scores did not deteriorate during agalsidase alfa therapy. Adverse events were mostly mild and infusion related. In conclusion, switching to agalsidase alfa was relatively well tolerated and associated with stable clinical status and preserved renal and cardiac function.01/2013; 9:41-8. DOI:10.1007/8904_2012_177
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ABSTRACT: Fabry disease is caused by mutations in the gene (GLA) that encodes α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). The iminosugar AT1001 (GR181413A, migalastat hydrochloride, 1-deoxygalactonojirimycin) is a pharmacological chaperone that selectively binds and stabilizes α-Gal A, increasing total cellular levels and activity for some mutant forms (defined as "responsive"). In this study, we developed a cell-based assay in cultured HEK-293 cells to identify mutant forms of α-Gal A that are responsive to AT1001. Concentration-dependent increases in α-Gal A activity in response to AT1001 were shown for 49 (60%) of 81 mutant forms. The responses of α-Gal A mutant forms were generally consistent with the responses observed in male Fabry patient-derived lymphoblasts. Importantly, the HEK-293 cell responses of 19 α-Gal A mutant forms to a clinically achievable concentration of AT1001 (10 µM) were generally consistent with observed increases in α-Gal A activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from male Fabry patients orally administered AT1001 during Phase 2 clinical studies. This indicates that the cell-based responses can identify mutant forms of α-Gal A that are likely to respond to AT1001 in vivo. Thus, the HEK-293 cell-based assay may be a useful aid in the identification of Fabry patients with AT1001-responsive mutant forms.Human Mutation 08/2011; 32(8):965-77. DOI:10.1002/humu.21530 · 5.05 Impact Factor