Sinus augmentation using human mesenchymal stem cells loaded into a beta-tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite scaffold.
ABSTRACT Implant placement in the posterior maxilla may often be contraindicated because of insufficient bone volume and presence of the maxillary sinus. In these situations, sinus floor augmentation frequently has been proposed as the best treatment. This clinical study was based on the hypothesis that the clinical effectiveness of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) loaded to the biphasic scaffold.
In this report, the clinical and radiographic results are presented on 6 consecutively treated patients using MSCs in combination with biphasic hydroxyl apatite/ beta-tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP) for sinus elevation. All the patients in the study had less than 3 mm initial bone height in the posterior maxillary area (IBH). MSCs were cultured and expanded from bone marrow aspirate for each patient. Three months after sinus elevation, radiographic evaluation was performed for the patients and the secondary bone height was measured (SBH(1)). In the second stage surgery, 30 implants were placed. Trephine bur was used as a pilot drill and a core biopsy was obtained from each implant site. Prosthetic rehabilitation of the patients was performed after 4 months. Secondary bone height was measured 9 months after implant placement (SBH(2)).
Of 30 implants, 28 (93%) were considered clinically successful. Two implants were removed due to mobility at the time of surgical exposure. Histologic evaluation of the biopsy specimens revealed numerous areas of osteoid and bone formation HA/TCP, with no evidence of inflammatory cell infiltrate. Mean bone regenerate was 41.34%. Clinically, no complications were observed, and all implants were considered clinically osseointegrated after 4 months. Mean bone height was measured 3 and 12 months after sinus grafting (mean of SBH(1)= 12.08 mm and mean of SBH(2)= 10.08 mm).
These clinical and histological findings suggest that sinus grafting with HA/TCP in combination with MSCs provide a viable therapeutic alternative for implant placement. The findings suggest that the addition of MSCs to bone derivative/substitute materials may enhance bone formation in the maxillary sinus area. Of course more studies with the control groups are needed for the evaluation of this method as a clinical solution for the patients.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate in vitro biocompatibility of a composite of nanoscale biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and collagen (C) compared to pure BCP (P) in different composition ratios of nanohydroxyapatite to nano-β-tricalcium phosphate (HA/β-TCP). Each study group comprised of three ratios of BCP (30/70, 40/60, and 50/50). For evaluation of cellular response toward each ratio, mouse osteoblast (MC3T3-E1) cell line was cultivated on the scaffolds for 19 days. Analysis of cell proliferation, cell viability, cell attachment and morphology, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and osteocalcin synthesis were done on culture days 1, 3, 7, 13, 15, and 19, appropriately. The scanning electron microscopy showed that the osteoblasts attached successfully to scaffolds surfaces in both BCP groups and in all different ratios by spreading their filopodia and expressing similar viability that was confirmed by confocal laser scanning electron microscope. BCP scaffold (P3070) showed remarkable ALP activity, whereas BCP (P5050) showed highest osteocalcin activity. Collagen coating supported high cell proliferation on culture day 1 and possessed limited benefit restricted to early phase of cell differentiation. In conclusion, the fabricated nanoscale BCP scaffolds offered high biocompatibility and supported well the cell proliferation and differentiation regardless the composition ratio. Furthermore, higher ratio of TCP supported the early phase of cell proliferation, whereas higher HA ratio influenced the later phase. Finally, BCP scaffolds P5050 and C4060 were suggested as candidates for clinical applications. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 07/2013; · 2.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Periodontal disease is a major cause of tooth loss and characterized by inflammation of tooth-supporting structures. Recently, the association between periodontal disease and other health problems has been reported, the importance of treating periodontal disease for general health is more emphasized. The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is regeneration of damaged periodontal tissues. The development of adult stem cell research enables to improve the cell-based tissue engineering for periodontal regeneration. In this review, we present the results of experimental pre-clinical studies and a brief overview of the current state of stem cells therapy for periodontal diseases.International journal of stem cells. 05/2010; 3(1):16-21.
Dataset: Skoloudik Chrobok 2014