Combined surgical resection and stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of cerebral metastases

Department of Neurosurgery, Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
Surgical Neurology (Impact Factor: 1.67). 05/2008; 71(3):280-8, disucssion 288-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.surneu.2007.12.019
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Patients with limited intracranial metastatic disease traditionally have been treated with surgery followed by WBRT. However, there is growing concern for the debilitating cognitive effects after WBRT in long-term survivors. We present a series of patients treated with surgery followed by SRS, while reserving WBRT as a salvage therapy for disease progression.
Medical records from 15 patients with 1 to 2 cerebral metastases who underwent both resection and SRS were reviewed. Outcome measures included overall survival, survival by RPA class, EOR, local tumor control, progression of intracranial disease, need for WBRT salvage therapy, and COD.
Fifteen patients with cerebral metastases were treated with the combined surgery-SRS paradigm. Eight of the 15 patients (53.3%) were designated RPA class 1, with 6 of 15 (40.0%) in class 2 and 1 of 15 (6.7%) in class 3. Gross total resection was achieved in 12 cases (80.0%). Overall median survival was 20.0 months, with values of 22.0 and 13.0 months for RPA classes 1 and 2, respectively. Local recurrence occurred in 16.7% of those patients with GTR. Six patients (40.0%) went on to receive WBRT at a median of 8.0 months from initial presentation. Twelve patients (80.0%) had died at the completion of the study, and the COD was CNS progression in 33.3%.
Surgical resection combined with SRS is an effective treatment for selected patients with limited cerebral metastatic disease. Survival using this combined treatment was equivalent to or greater than that reported by other studies using surgery + WBRT or SRS + WBRT.

Download full-text


Available from: David B Mansur, Aug 19, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic radiosurgery is now well implanted in the radiotherapy treatment tools of brain metastasis. The dose can be delivered in one or multiple sessions. Results seem equivalent. CT scan and MRI imaging are required to delineate and calculate dosimetry. Doses are variable according to the size of the metastases, localization, pathology or equipment. Stabilization or reduction of tumour size is the rules after stereotactic treatment. Impact in terms of overall survival is more difficult to apprehend because of the general context of the disease. Many questions remain unresolved, such as the usefulness of whole brain irradiation, adaptation of the treatment schedule to tumour pathophysiology, role of stereotactic treatment after surgery of metastases, etc.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 06/2012; 16:S101–S110. DOI:10.1016/j.canrad.2011.02.008 · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cerebral metastases are a common problem and pose complex treatment decisions, with reference to local control of treated lesions, prevention of new brain metastases, and toxicity of available treatments. At the 2007 Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Annual Meeting, a novel active learning process, called Integrated Medical Learning(SM), was used to better understand contemporary practice patterns and to monitor the success of education about these critical treatment decisions. CNS members received an electronically distributed premeeting survey and educational materials about single and multiple cerebral metastasis treatment; practice patterns were elicited. At the Annual Meeting, 496 surgeons were polled using handheld devices before and after surgical and radiation oncology expert presentations. Surgeons who had answered premeeting surveys received a second, postmeeting questionnaire. In the premeeting questionnaire (N = 214), higher current volume of practice, Tumor Section membership, and academic practice predicted more correct answers (P < 0.05 for all). Fifty five percent favored routine whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) after metastasis resection. Thirty four percent "most often" used radiosurgery to the resection bed; these respondents cited "cognitive changes" in justifying WBRT omission. At the meeting, expert presentations were followed by audience shifts toward adjuvant WBRT after resection (P = 0.01) or radiosurgery (P < 0.001)-topics for which class I evidence was discussed. There was no shift in preference for surgery or radiosurgery (P = 0.24) or multiple metastasis treatment (P = 0.8)-topics for which clear class I evidence was not presented. Postmeeting questionnaires showed retained knowledge among meeting attendees. Using IML, we were able to study baseline knowledge and practice patterns for an important neuro-oncological treatment decision. Evidence suggested expert presentations were effective in changing audience opinion when relevant class I evidence was presented, and that knowledge was retained postmeeting.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 05/2009; 93(1):89-105. DOI:10.1007/s11060-009-9833-4 · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metastases of various tumors to the brain account for the majority of brain cancers, and are associated with a poor prognosis. The most common primary sites are lung, breast, skin, kidney and colon; 10-40% of cancer patients develop brain metastases during the course of the disease. The incidence of brain metastasis appears to be rising; reasons may include better therapies for the systemic disease with longer survival of cancer patients but lower efficiency against brain metastases. In this article, we will discuss the conventional treatment with surgery, radiosurgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, but also new directions in the management of solid brain metastases. While general therapeutic nihilism should be avoided, it is important to recognize that the number of brain metastases, the extent of the systemic disease and also the tumor type have to be taken into account when choosing individual treatment regimens. Finally, special emphasis will be put on established and future approaches to prevent the disease. We thus aim to provide a framework for treating patients with different presentations of brain metastases, and to highlight important avenues for research.
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 11/2010; 10(11):1763-77. DOI:10.1586/era.10.165 · 2.28 Impact Factor
Show more