Endothelial repair capacity and migrainen - The fix is in

Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 05/2008; 70(17):1506-7. DOI: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000310647.04081.3c
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: White matter hyperintensities (WMH) have been associated with mood disorders in psychiatric patients. In the present study, we aimed to assess whether WMHs are associated with depressive symptoms and different sensitivity of the behavioral inhibition (BIS), and activation (BAS) systems in patients with chronic headache. Participants were 85 adult outpatients (16 men and 69 women) with a diagnosis of chronic headache. All of the patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and were administered the BIS/BAS scales and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Above 40 % of patients had periventricular WMHs (PWMHs) and almost 98 % had deep WMHs (DWMHs). Patients with PWMHs reported fewer depressive symptoms than patients without PWMHs. Patients with more severe DWMHs (compared with patients with mild or without DWMH lesions) were older and reported lower scores on the drive dimension of the BIS/BAS scales. In multivariate analyses, patients with PWMHs were 1.06 times more likely to report fewer depressive symptoms than patients without PWMHs. WMH lesions in patients with chronic headache were associated with less depression severity.
    The Journal of Headache and Pain 10/2012; 13(8). DOI:10.1007/s10194-012-0493-y · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association between migraine and the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains controversial. The purpose of the present population-based, propensity score-matched follow-up study was to investigate whether young migraineurs are at a higher risk of developing IHD. A total of 11,541 subjects aged between 18 and 45years with at least two ambulatory visits with the principal diagnosis of migraine in 2001 were enrolled in the migraine group. We used a logistic regression model that included age, sex, pre-existing comorbidities, and socioeconomic status as covariates to compute the propensity score. The non-migraine group consisted of 11,541 propensity score-matched, randomly sampled subjects without migraine. The 3-year IHD-free survival rate and the cumulative incidence of IHD were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Stratified Cox proportional hazard regression with patients matched by propensity score was used to estimate the effect of migraine on the risk of developing subsequent IHD. The mean age in both groups was 32.3years. During follow-up, 121 subjects in the migraine group and 55 in the non-migraine group developed IHD. The incidence rate of IHD was 4.56 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.78 to 5.44) per 1000 person-years in the migraine group and 2.00 (95% CI, 1.51 to 2.61) per 1000 person-years in the non-migraine group. Compared to the non-migraine group, the HR of IHD for the migraine group was 2.50 (95% CI, 1.78 to 3.52, P<0.0001). This study showed an increased risk of developing IHD in young patients with newly diagnosed migraine.
    International journal of cardiology 01/2014; 172(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.01.005 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Migraine is considered to be an episodic condition with no long-term consequences. However, recent studies suggest that migraine attacks may be associated with pathologic changes in the brain, particularly in the cerebellum. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether individuals not reporting headache compared with individuals reporting migraine symptoms, particularly aura, in midlife are at increased risk of late-life infarct-like lesions found on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without consideration of clinical symptoms. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based study of men and women in Reykjavik, Iceland (cohort born 1907-1935; n = 4689; 57% women) were followed up since 1967, examined, and interviewed about migraine symptoms in midlife (mean age, 51 years; range, 33-65 years). Between 2002 and 2006, more than 26 years later, brain MRIs were performed. Participants reporting headaches once or more per month were asked about migraine symptoms including nausea, unilateral location, photophobia, visual disturbance, and numbness. These individuals with headache were classified as having migraine without aura, migraine with aura, or nonmigraine headache. A comprehensive cardiovascular risk assessment was performed at both examinations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Presence of infarct-like lesions (total) and specifically located in the cortical, subcortical, and cerebellar regions. RESULTS: Infarct-like lesions were present in 39.3% of men and 24.6% of women. After adjusting for age, sex, and follow-up time, compared with those not reporting headaches once or more per month (n = 3243), those with midlife migraine with aura (n = 361) had an increased risk of late-life infarct-like lesions (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-1.8) that specifically reflected an association with cerebellar lesions in women (prevalence of infarcts 23.0% for women with migraine with aura vs 14.5% for women not reporting headaches; adjusted OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.4-2.6 vs a 19.3% prevalence of infarcts for men with migraine with aura vs 21.3% for men not reporting headaches; adjusted OR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.8; P<.04 for interaction by sex). Migraine without aura and nonmigraine headache were not associated with an increased risk. CONCLUSIONS: Migraine with aura in midlife was associated with late-life prevalence of cerebellar infarct-like lesions on MRI. This association was statistically significant only for women. This is consistent with the hypothesis that migraine with aura in midlife is associated with late-life vascular disease in the cerebellum and in women.