A longitudinal analysis of the general surgery workforce in the United States, 1981-2005
ABSTRACT The overall supply of general surgeons per 100 000 population has declined in the past 2 decades, and small and isolated rural areas of the United States continue to have relatively fewer general surgeons per 100 000 population than urban areas.
Retrospective longitudinal analysis.
Clinically active general surgeons in the United States.
The American Medical Association's Physician Masterfiles from 1981, 1991, 2001, and 2005 were used to identify all clinically active general surgeons in the United States.
Number of general surgeons per 100 000 population and the age, sex, and locale of these surgeons.
General surgeon to population ratios declined steadily across the study period, from 7.68 per 100 000 in 1981 to 5.69 per 100 000 in 2005. The overall urban ratio dropped from 8.04 to 5.85 (-27.24%) across the study period, and the overall rural ratio dropped from 6.36 to 5.02 (-21.07%). The average age of rural surgeons increased compared with their urban counterparts, and women were disproportionately concentrated in urban areas.
The overall number of general surgeons per 100 000 population has declined by 25.91% during the past 25 years. The decline has been most marked in urban areas. However, more remote rural areas continue to have significantly fewer general surgeons per 100 000 population. These findings have implications for training, recruiting, and retaining general surgeons.
SourceAvailable from: Tassos C Kyriakides[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Attrition in surgical residency programs continues to be a significant challenge. Ap-proximately 20% of residents who begin a categorical surgery residency fail to complete it. A number of studies speculated reasons for this including work hours, life style, family pressures, and resident feelings of inadequacy including fear of termination. To date no research has been conducted investigating the relation-ship between resident morale and attrition. This study sought to determine if this linkage exists in surgery residents. METHODS: The Morale Assessment in General Practice Index (MAGPI) was administered to 21 PGY 1, 2, 3, and 5 surgical residents to assess level of morale. Non-parametric methods were carried out to assess if there were differences in morale among the four PGY groups. Additionally, analyses of the four factors comprising the MAGPI were also conducted. RESULTS: Although differences did not reach statis-tical significance, analysis of the data reveals that residents demonstrate different trends in their levels of morale based on the amount of time they spend in a residency and in a way that approximates the morale curve described by W. Walter Menninger, M.D. Additionally, two of the four factors comprising the MAGPI also indicate trends similar to that described by the Menninger morale curve. CONCLUSIONS: Although no statistically significant results were achieved, the data reveal trends that approximate shifts in morale similar to those described by the Menninger morale curve, with residents at the PGY 2 and 3 levels present-ing lower morale levels than at the PGY 1 and 5 levels. This may be due in part to the size of the population studied. Future research should be continued in this area with a larger sample size.Surgical Science 01/2011; 02(07). DOI:10.4236/ss.2011.27087
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ABSTRACT: Emergency general surgery (EGS) represents illnesses of very diverse pathology related only by their urgent nature. The growth of acute care surgery has emphasized this public health problem, yet the true "burden of disease" remains unknown. Building on efforts by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma to standardize an EGS definition, we sought to describe the burden of disease for EGS in the United States. We hypothesize that EGS patients represent a large, diverse, and challenging cohort and that the burden is increasing.Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 08/2014; 77(2):202-208. DOI:10.1097/TA.0000000000000362 · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multiple reports have cited the looming shortage of physicians over the next decades related to increasing demand, an aging of the population, and a stagnant level in the production of new physicians. General surgery shares in this problem, and the specialty is "stressed" by a declining workforce related to increasing specialization that leaves gaps in emergency, trauma, and rural surgical care. The Society of Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT) Public Policy and Advocacy Committee sponsored panel discussions regarding the general surgery workforce shortage at the Digestive Disease Week 2012 and 2013 meetings. The 2012 panel focused on defining the problem. This is the summation of the series with the solutions to the general surgery workforce shortage as offered by the 2013 panel.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 04/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11605-014-2522-4 · 2.39 Impact Factor