CT-guided biopsy of bone: a radiologist's perspective.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: We present an overview of approaches for bone biopsy used to minimize potential tumor seeding of adjacent soft-tissue structures and compartments. We discuss a variety of approaches related to specific anatomic parts and review pertinent anatomy. CONCLUSION: We provide important guidelines and key examples that will help readers perform percutaneous needle bone biopsy safely.
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ABSTRACT: The clinical utility of nondiagnostic core needle biopsies is not fully understood. Understanding the clinical and radiologic factors associated with nondiagnostic core needle biopsies may help determine the utility of these nondiagnostic biopsies and guide clinical decision making. We asked (1) whether benign or malignant bone and soft tissue lesions have a higher rate of nondiagnostic core needle biopsy results, and which diagnoses have the lowest diagnostic yield; (2) how often nondiagnostic results affected clinical decision-making; and (3) what clinical factors are associated with nondiagnostic but useful core needle biopsies. A retrospective study was performed of 778 consecutive image-guided core needle biopsies of bone and soft tissue lesions referred to the musculoskeletal radiology department at a single institution. The reference standard was (1) the final diagnosis at surgery or (2) clinical followup. Diagnostic yield was calculated for the most common diagnoses. Clinical and imaging features related to each nondiagnostic core needle biopsy were assessed for their association with clinical usefulness. Useful nondiagnostic biopsies were defined as those that help guide treatment. Each lesion was assessed before biopsy by the orthopaedic oncologist as (1) "likely to be benign" or (2) "suspicious for malignancy." The overall diagnostic yield was 74%. Malignant lesions had higher diagnostic yield than benign lesions: 94% (323 of 345) versus 58% (252 of 433), yielding a relative risk (RR) of 1.61 and 95% CI of 1.48 to 1.75. Soft tissue lesions had a higher diagnostic yield than bone lesions: 82% (291 of 355) versus 67% (284 of 423); RR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.22 (1.12-1.33). Ganglion cyst (36%, four of 11), myositis ossificans (40%, two of five), Langerhans cell histiocytosis (0%, 0 of four), and simple bone cyst 0%, 0 of six) had the lowest diagnostic yield. Of the nondiagnostic biopsies assessed for clinical usefulness by the orthopaedic oncologist, 60% (85 of 142) of the biopsies were useful in guiding clinical decision making. Useful nondiagnostic core needle biopsy results occurred more often in painless, nonaggressive lesions, assessed as "likely to be benign" before biopsy. Nondiagnostic core needle biopsy results in musculoskeletal lesions are not entirely useless. At times, they can be supportive of benign processes and can help avert unnecessary surgical procedures. Level II, diagnostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 07/2013; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose:To determine the rate at which computed tomographically guided pelvic percutaneous bone biopsy in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) yields adequate tissue for genomic profiling and to identify issues likely to affect diagnostic yields.Materials and Methods:This study was institutional review board approved, and written informed consent was obtained. In a phase II trial assessing response to everolimus, 31 men with mCRPC underwent 54 biopsy procedures (eight men before and 23 men both before and during treatment). Variables assessed were lesion location (iliac wing adjacent to sacroiliac joint, iliac wing anterior and/or superior to sacroiliac joint, sacrum, and remainder of pelvis), mean lesion attenuation, subjective lesion attenuation (purely sclerotic vs mixed), central versus peripheral lesion sampling, lesion size, core number, and use of zoledronic acid for more than 1 year.Results:Of 54 biopsy procedures, 21 (39%) yielded adequate tissue for RNA isolation and genomic profiling. Three of four sacral biopsies were adequate. Biopsies of the ilium adjacent to the sacroiliac joints were more likely adequate than those from elsewhere in the ilium (48% vs 28%, respectively). All five biopsies performed in other pelvic locations yielded inadequate tissue for RNA isolation. Mean attenuation of lesions with inadequate tissue was 172 HU greater than those with adequate tissue (621.1 HU ± 166 vs 449 HU ± 221, respectively; P = .002). Use of zoledronic acid, peripheral sampling, core number, and lesion size affected yields, but the differences were not statistically significant. Histologic examination with hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that results of 36 (67%) biopsies were positive for cancer; only mean attenuation differences were significant (707 HU ± 144 vs 473 HU ± 191, negative vs positive, respectively; P < .001).Conclusion:In men with mCRPC, percutaneous sampling of osseous metastases for genomic profiling is possible, but use of zoledronic acid for more than 1 year may reduce the yield of adequate tissue for RNA isolation. Sampling large low-attenuating lesions at their periphery maximizes yield.© RSNA, 2013.Radiology 08/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Appendicular long bones are the target for a wide spectrum of bony lesions with variable clinical presentations. Biopsy procedures are needed for subsequent proper patient's management. Most of the available literature globally assessed musculoskeletal biopsies with inclusion of repeat biopsy results. We thought to retrospectively assess the diagnostic performance of initial CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) of extremity long bone lesions in a tertiary musculoskeletal referral center. We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of initial CT-guided PCNB of 49 patients who presented with extremity long bone lesions which were biopsied in our hospital during a 36 months' time period. The diagnostic performance was assessed in terms of diagnostic yield and accuracy. There were 34 males and 15 females with a mean age of 33.69 years (range from 4 to 77 years). The overall diagnostic yield of initial biopsies was 87.75% with a diagnostic accuracy of 82.85% derived from the surgically proven cases. The higher diagnostic yield was recorded with malignancy, presence of extra-osseous soft-tissue component as well as mixed and sclerotic lesions. The pathologies of the non-diagnostic biopsies included large-cell lymphoma, giant-cell tumor, langerhans cell histiocytosis, osteoid osteoma and a non-ossifying fibroma. Initial CT-guided PCNB in extremities' long bones lesions showed high diagnostic performance in malignant, mixed and/or sclerotic lesions as well as lesions with extra-osseous exophytic tissue growth. Lack of extra-osseous components, benign and lytic lesions all had worse diagnostic performance.European journal of radiology 10/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor