Is BAL useful in patients with acute myeloid leukemia admitted in ICU for severe respiratory complications?

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, AP-HP, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K (Impact Factor: 10.16). 07/2008; 22(7):1361-7. DOI: 10.1038/leu.2008.100
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In patients with hematological malignancy (HM) developing acute respiratory failure (ARF) bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is considered as a major diagnostic tool. However, the benefit/risk ratio of this invasive procedure is probably lower in the subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The study was to analyze the yield of BAL performed in HM patients (n=175) with AML or lymphoid malignancies (LM) admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) for ARF and pulmonary infiltrates. BAL was performed in 121 patients (53/73 AML patients (73%) and 68/102 LM patients (67%)) without a definite diagnosis at admission or contraindication for fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Life-threatening complications were noticed in 12/121 patients (10%). The overall diagnostic yield of BAL was 47% (25/53) in AML patients and 50% (34/68) in LM patients. A microorganism was recovered from BAL in 23% (12/53) of AML patients and 41% (28/68) of LM patients (P<0.005). BAL results induced significant therapeutic changes in 17% (9/53) of AML patients vs 35% (24/68) of LM patients (P=0.039). This study underlines the rather low diagnostic yield of BAL for infectious diagnosis and the low rate of therapeutic changes induced by its results in AML patients with ARF admitted in ICU.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated the utility and safety of surgical lung biopsy (SLB) in cancer patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: All cases of critically ill patients with cancer and diagnosed with ARDS who underwent SLB in a tertiary care hospital from January 2002 to July 2009 were reviewed. Clinical data including patient baseline characteristics, surgical complications, pathological findings, treatment alterations, and survival outcomes were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 16 critically ill patients with cancer diagnosed with ARDS who underwent SLB were enrolled. The meantime from ARDS onset to SLB was 3.0 +/- 1.5 days. All SLB specimens offered a pathological diagnosis, and specific diagnoses were made in 9 of 16 patients. Biopsy findings resulted in a change in therapy in 11 of 16 patients. Overall, the SLB surgical complication rate was 19% (3/16). SLB did not directly cause the observed operative mortality. The ICU mortality rate was 38% (6/16). Patients who switched therapies after SLB had a trend toward decreased mortality than patients without a change in therapy (27% versus 60%; P = 0.299). CONCLUSIONS: In selected critically ill cancer patients with ARDS, SLB had a high diagnostic yield rate and an acceptable surgical complication rate.
    Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 05/2013; 8(1):128. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Respiratory events are common in hematology and oncology patients and manifest as hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF) in up to half the cases. Identifying the cause of ARF is crucial. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (FO-BAL) is an invasive test that may cause respiratory deterioration. Recent noninvasive diagnostic tests may have modified the risk/benefit ratio of FO-BAL. To determine whether FO-BAL in cancer patients with ARF increased the need for intubation and whether noninvasive testing alone was not inferior to noninvasive testing plus FO-BAL. We performed a multicenter randomized controlled trial with sample size calculations for both end points. Patients with cancer and ARF of unknown cause who were not receiving ventilatory support at intensive care unit admission were randomized to early FO-BAL plus noninvasive tests (n = 113) or noninvasive tests only (n = 106). The primary end point was the number of patients needing intubation and mechanical ventilation. The major secondary end point was the number of patients with no identified cause of ARF. The need for mechanical ventilation was not significantly greater in the FO-BAL group than in the noninvasive group (35.4 vs. 38.7%; P = 0.62). The proportion of patients with no diagnosis was not smaller in the noninvasive group (21.7 vs. 20.4%; difference, -1.3% [-10.4 to 7.7]). FO-BAL performed in the intensive care unit did not significantly increase intubation requirements in critically ill cancer patients with ARF. Noninvasive testing alone was not inferior to noninvasive testing plus FO-BAL for identifying the cause of ARF. Clinical trial registered with (NCT00248443).
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 10/2010; 182(8):1038-46. · 11.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia is a life-threatening disease associated with high mortality rates. A substantial number of patients require intensive care. This investigation analyzes risk factors predicting admission to the intensive care unit in patients with acute myeloid leukemia eligible for induction chemotherapy, the outcome of these patients, and prognostic factors predicting their survival. A total of 406 consecutive patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (15-89 years) were analyzed retrospectively. Markers recorded at the time of diagnosis included karyotype, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, and Charlson comorbidity index. In patients requiring critical care, the value of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, the need for mechanical ventilation, and vasopressor support were recorded at the time of intensive care unit admission. The independent prognostic relevance of the parameters was tested by multivariate analysis. Sixty-two patients (15.3%) required intensive care, primarily due to respiratory failure (50.0%) or life-threatening bleeding (22.6%). Independent risk factors predicting intensive care unit admission were lower fibrinogen concentration, the presence of an infection, and comorbidity. The survival rate was 45%, with the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II being the only independent prognostic parameter (P<0.05). Survival was inferior in intensive care patients compared to patients not admitted to an intensive care unit. However, no difference between intensive care and non-intensive care patients was found concerning continuous complete remission at 6 years or survival at 6 years in patients who survived the first 30 days after diagnosis (non-intensive care patients: 28%; intensive care patients: 20%, P>0.05). Ongoing infections, low fibrinogen and comorbidity are predictive for intensive care unit admission in acute myeloid leukemia. Although admission was a risk factor for survival, continuous complete remission and survival of patients alive at day 30 were similar in patients who were admitted or not admitted to an intensive care unit.
    Haematologica 11/2010; 96(2):231-7. · 5.94 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 16, 2014