Genomic location and characterisation of nonclassical MHC class I genes in cattle.

Immunology Division, Institute for Animal Health, Compton RG20 7NN, UK.
Immunogenetics (Impact Factor: 2.89). 06/2008; 60(5):267-73. DOI: 10.1007/s00251-008-0294-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The cattle major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region contains a variable number of classical class I genes encoding polymorphic, ubiquitously expressed molecules with a role in antigen presentation. Class I cDNA sequences have previously been reported that are thought to derive from putative nonclassical class I genes. We have located four nonclassical class I genes within the cattle genome; three are close to the MIC genes, and one is close to the classical class I genes. The genomic position relative to anchor genes is very similar to the arrangement reported in the pig MHC region. We have designed gene-specific oligonucleotide primers with which to investigate the presence of these genes in distinct and well-defined MHC haplotypes and to assess transcription in different cell types. Analysis and comparison of all sequences allows an assessment of allelic variation in each case. Partial characterisation gives an indication of the possible role and likely importance of each of these genes.

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