[Clinical features of 17 cases of X-linked agammaglobulinemia].
ABSTRACT To investigate clinical features of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in children.
The medical records of 17 children with XLA between January 2001 and April 2007 were reviewed.
The age at first diagnosis in 88.2% of patients was more than 6 years, with a mean of 7.7 years. Twelve patients (70.6%) presented first symptoms over 2 years old, with a mean of 4.2 years. Respiratory infections as first symptoms and complaints occurred in 64.7% of the patients and 35.3% of the patients presented with polyarthritis. Skin and soft tissue infections were rarely seen in less than 1 year old group children. Abrupt sepsis and abscess in deep tissues were seen in the older children. CD4+ T cells decreased and CD8+ T cells increased in 9 patients and an inversed ratio of CD4+/ CD8+ was observed in 11 patients.
Both the age presenting first symptoms and the age at first diagnosis in children with XLA in this study were later than the reported data. Respiratory infection was the most common manifestation. High prevalence of polyarthritis was observed. Abnormal T cell phenotypes occurred in more than one half of patients.
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ABSTRACT: X-linked agammagobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder caused by Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene mutation. Recent studies suggested genotype-phenotype correlation in XLA, but a definitive association remains controversial. We examined the relationship between specific Btk gene mutations and severity of clinical presentation in 62 patients with XLA. Disease severity was assessed by the age of disease onset and the presence of severe infections, while mutations were classified into severe and mild based on structural and functional consequence by bioinformatics analysis. Fifty-six Btk mutations were identified in 62 patients from 57 kindreds. Variation in phenotypes was observed, and there was a tendency of association between genotype and age of disease onset as well as occurrence of severe infections. A critical analysis of the circumstances upon presentation also revealed that under-recognition of recurrent infections and relevant family history are important hurdles to timely diagnosis of XLA.Journal of Clinical Immunology 11/2009; 30(1):121-31. DOI:10.1007/s10875-009-9341-5 · 2.65 Impact Factor