C/EBP and C-Myb sites are important for the functional activity of the human myeloperoxidase upstream enhancer.
ABSTRACT Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme active against bacterial and fungal infections, is expressed specifically in myeloblasts and promyelocytes and minimal in other cell types. We recently identified and partially characterized an upstream enhancer located between -4100 and -3844 bp of the MPO gene. We showed that an AML1 site contributes to enhancer activity and specificity. We now demonstrate three additional footprints within the MPO enhancer and provide evidence that C/EBP and c-Myb sites contribute to its functional, tissue-specific activity. This distal enhancer appears to play an important role in the control of MPO transcription during differentiation of myeloid cells.
Article: Myeloperoxidase: molecular mechanisms of action and their relevance to human health and disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a heme-containing peroxidase abundantly expressed in neutrophils and to a lesser extent in monocytes. Enzymatically active MPO, together with hydrogen peroxide and chloride, produces the powerful oxidant hypochlorous acid and is a key contributor to the oxygen-dependent microbicidal activity of phagocytes. In addition, excessive generation of MPO-derived oxidants has been linked to tissue damage in many diseases, especially those characterized by acute or chronic inflammation. It has become increasingly clear that MPO exerts effects that are beyond its oxidative properties. These properties of MPO are, in many cases, independent of its catalytic activity and affect various processes involved in cell signaling and cell-cell interactions and are, as such, capable of modulating inflammatory responses. Given these diverse effects, an increased interest has emerged in the role of MPO and its downstream products in a wide range of inflammatory diseases. In this article, our knowledge pertaining to the biologic role of MPO and its downstream effects and mechanisms of action in health and disease is reviewed and discussed.Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 08/2009; 11(11):2899-937. · 8.20 Impact Factor