Persistent efficacy of anakinra in patients with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome.

Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 7.87). 06/2008; 58(5):1516-20. DOI: 10.1002/art.23475
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficacy and safety of treatment with the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist anakinra in patients with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) requiring high cumulative doses of steroids.
Four children (mean age 9.1 years [range 4-13 years]) and 1 adult (age 33 years) with TRAPS were enrolled in the study. The 3 children with cysteine mutations (C52Y, C55Y, C43R) had prolonged and frequent attacks of fever. One child with the R92Q mutation and the adult patient with the C43R mutation displayed a more chronic disease course, with fluctuating, nearly continuous symptoms and persistent elevation of acute-phase reactant levels (including serum amyloid A [SAA]). All patients were treated with anakinra (1.5 mg/kg/day).
All of the patients had a prompt response to anakinra, with disappearance of symptoms and normalization of acute-phase reactant levels, including SAA. In all pediatric patients, anakinra was withdrawn after 15 days of treatment. After a few days (mean 5.6 days [range 3-8]) a disease relapse occurred, which dramatically responded to reintroduction of anakinra. During the following period of observation (mean 11.4 months [range 4-20 months]), the patients did not experience episodes of fever or other disease-related clinical manifestations. Levels of acute-phase reactants remained in the normal range. No major adverse reactions or severe infections were observed.
Continuous treatment with anakinra effectively controlled both the clinical and laboratory manifestations in patients with TRAPS and prevented disease relapses.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a thriving interest in the field of hereditary autoinflammatory disorders (HAID), a gamut of heterogeneous conditions deriving from an aberrant orchestration of innate immunity, unified by the common feature of seemingly unprovoked inflammation, which might be systemic or occur in localized niches of the organism. Recurrent fever and episodic inflammation in the joints, serosal membranes, skin, gut, and other organs are the common denominator of HAID. Mutations in the inflammasome-related genes have been associated with different HAID, showing the intimate link existing between interleukin-1 (IL-1)-structured inflammasome and their pathogenesis. Differential diagnosis of HAID can be challenging, as there are no universally accepted diagnostic protocols, and near half of patients may remain without any genetic abnormality identified. The use of IL-1-antagonists has been associated with beneficial effects in a large number of HAID associated with excessive IL-1 signalling, such as cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, familial Mediterranean fever, and deficiency of IL-1 receptor antagonist. This review will discuss about the key-clues of HAID which might guide for an early recognition and drive decisions for treatment.
    Autoimmunity Reviews 09/2014; · 7.10 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of the potent proinflammatory cytokine IL-1 in disease could clinically be investigated with the development of the IL-1 blocking agent anakinra (Kineret®), a recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist. It was first tested in patients with sepsis without much benefit but was later FDA approved for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. More recently IL-1 blocking therapies are used successfully to treat a new group of immune-mediated inflammatory conditions, autoinflammatory diseases. These conditions include rare hereditary fever syndromes and pediatric and adult conditions of Still's disease. Recently the FDA approved two additional longer acting IL-1 blocking agents, for the treatment of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), an IL-1 dependent autoinflammatory syndrome. The study of autoinflammatory diseases revealed mechanisms of IL-1 mediated organ damage and provided concepts to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of more common diseases such as gout and Type 2 diabetes which show initial promising results with IL-1 blocking therapy.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 01/2009; 1182(1). · 4.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The innate immune system is involved in the pathophysiology of systemic autoinflammatory diseases (SAIDs), an enlarging group of disorders caused by dysregulated production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α, in which autoreactive T-lymphocytes and autoantibodies are indeed absent. A widely deranged innate immunity leads to overactivity of proinflammatory cytokines and subsequent multisite inflammatory symptoms depicting various conditions, such as hereditary periodic fevers, granulomatous disorders, and pyogenic diseases, collectively described in this review. Further research should enhance our understanding of the genetics behind SAIDs, unearth triggers of inflammatory attacks, and result in improvement for their diagnosis and treatment.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:948154. · 2.42 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Dec 22, 2014