Identification of a peptide sequence that improves transport of macromolecules across the intestinal mucosal barrier targeting goblet cells.

School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillimdong, Gwanakgu, Seoul 151-921, South Korea.
Journal of Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 2.88). 07/2008; 135(2):210-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2008.01.021
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this study, we demonstrated that the CSKSSDYQC-peptide ligand which was identified from a random phage-peptide library through an in vivo phage display technique with rats could prominently improve the transport efficiency of macromolecules, such as large filamentous phage particles (M13 bacteriophage), across the intestinal mucosal barrier. Synthetic CSKSSDYQC-peptide ligands significantly inhibited the binding of phage P1 encoding CSKSSDYQC-peptide ligands to the intestinal mucosal tissue and immunohistochemical analysis showed that the CSKSSDYQC-peptide ligands could be transported across the intestinal mucosal barrier via goblet cells as their specific gateway. Thus, we inferred that CSKSSDYQC-peptide ligand might have a specific receptor on the goblet cells and transported from intestinal lumen to systemic circulation by transcytosis mechanism. These results suggest that CSKSSDYQC-ligand could be a promising tool for development of an efficient oral delivery system for macromolecular therapeutics in the carrier-drug conjugate strategy.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose Exenatide, a potent insulinotropic agent, can be used for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. However, the need for frequent injections seriously limits its therapeutic utility. The aim of present report was to develop an orally available exenatide formulation using goblet cell-targeting nanoparticles (NPs). Method The exenatide-loaded nanoparticles were prepared with modified chitosan which was conjugated with a goblet cell-target peptide, CSKSSDYQC (CSK) peptide. Results The CSK-chitosan nanoparticles shown reduced chitosan toxicity and enhanced the permeation of drugs across the Caco-2/HT-29 co-cultured cell monolayer, which simulated the intestinal epithelium. Following the oral administration of near-infrared fluorescent probe Cy-7-loaded NPs to mice, the distribution of the drugs was investigated with a near-infrared in vivo image system (FX Pro, Bruker, USA). The results showed that Cy-7 fluorescence disseminated from the oesophagus, then to stomach and small intestine and then was absorbed into hepatic, finally into the bladder; over time, Cy-7 was metabolized and excreted. The bioavailability of the modified nanoparticles was found to be 1.7-fold higher compared with the unmodified ones, and the hypoglycemic effect was also better. Conclusion CSK peptide-modified chitosan nanoparticles could be a potential therapeutics for Type II diabetes patients.
    Pharmaceutical Research 10/2014; 32(3). DOI:10.1007/s11095-014-1513-1 · 3.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Among the possible delivery routes, the oral administration of a protein is simple and achieves high patient compliance without pain. However, the low bioavailability of a protein drug in the intestine due to the physical barriers of the intestinal epithelia is the most critical problem that needs to be solved. To overcome the low bioavailability of a protein drug in the intestine, we aimed to construct a recombinant Pichia pastoris expressing a human growth hormone (hGH) fusion protein conjugated with a transcytotic peptide (TP) that was screened through peroral phage display to target goblet cells in the intestinal epithelia. The TP-conjugated hGH was successfully produced in P. pastoris in a secreted form at concentrations of up to 0.79 g/l. The function of the TP-conjugated hGH was validated by in vitro and in vivo assays. The transcytotic function of the TP through the intestinal epithelia was verified only in the C terminus conjugated hGH, which demonstrated the induction of IGF-1 in a HepG2 cell culture assay, a higher translocation of recombinant hGH into the ileal villi after oral administration in rats and both IGF-1 induction and higher body weight gain in rats after oral administration. The present study introduces the possibility for the development of an effective oral protein delivery system in the pharmaceutical and animal industries through the introduction of an effective TP into hGH.
    Molecular Biotechnology 01/2015; 57(5). DOI:10.1007/s12033-014-9835-0 · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Designing feasible and effective peptide ligand modified solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) to improve oral bioavailability of protein drugs and evaluating the influence of mucus remains important. In the present work, two kinds of peptide ligand modified SLNs loaded with salmon calcitonin (sCT), namely, sCT CSK-SLNs and sCT IRQ-SLNs, were prepared by coupling the peptide ligand CSKSSDYQC (CSK) which was reported to show affinity with goblet cells, or IRQRRRR (IRQ), a cell penetrating peptide, to polyoxyethylene (40) stearate (SA-PEG2000). Compared with unmodified SLNs, CSK or IRQ modified SLNs with better drug protection ability could facilitate the internalization of drug on Caco-2/HT29-MTX co-cultured cells and permeation in excised rat duodenum mucosa. The internalization mechanism of two kinds of peptide ligand modified SLNs was mainly active transport via both clathrin- and caveolae-dependent endocytosis. Although mucus was an impediment to the transport of SLNs, the peptide ligand modified SLNs still showed improved drug absorption. The absolute bioavailability of sCT CSK-SLNs (12.41 ± 3.65%) and sCT IRQ-SLNs (10.05 ± 5.10%) raised to 2.45-fold and 1.98-fold compared with unmodified SLNs (5.07 ± 0.54%), implying the feasibility and effectiveness of CSK and IRQ peptide modification for the enhancement of the oral bioavailability of protein drugs. In summary, the nanoparticles modified with CSK or IRQ peptide ligand could be the potential carriers for the transport of protein drugs across intestinal barriers.
    European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 06/2014; 88(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ejpb.2014.06.011 · 4.25 Impact Factor