Clinical significance of B-type natriuretic Peptide in the assessment of untreated hypertension.
ABSTRACT Recent studies suggest that B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is an important predictor of cardiac events in hypertensive patients.
The relationship between the plasma BNP level and various clinical parameters was examined in 154 untreated hypertensive patients without heart failure or atrial fibrillation (mean age: 58.0+/-10.7; mean blood pressure: 164.5+/-15.2/99.1+/-9.7 mmHg; mean BNP: 32.7+/-36.7 pg/ml). First, the patients were divided into 2 groups based on BNP: normal (<18.5 pg/ml, mean 9.7+/-5.7, n=69); or elevated (>18.5 pg/ml, mean 51.4+/-40.4, n=85). The elevated BNP group had a significantly greater electrocardiographic voltage index (SV1+RV5; 3.7+/-1.2 vs 3.2+/-0.8 mV, p=0.0029), cardiothoracic ratio/chest radiography (CTR; 49.1 vs 46.9%, p=0.0037), left ventricular mass index (LVMI; 122.2+/-31.7 vs 103.1+/-26.4 g/m2, p=0.0005) and deceleration time (DT; 241+/-39 vs 208+/-30 ms, p=0.0001), as well as a smaller E-wave to A-wave (E/A ratio) (0.80+/-0.22 vs 0.96+/-0.28, p=0.0003), compared with the normal BNP group. There were no significant differences in casual blood pressure, body mass index, serum creatinine and ejection fraction between the 2 groups. Next, the patients were divided into 3 groups based on BNP: normal (<18.5, n=69), moderate (18.5 to 40, mean 27.0+/-5.7, n=43) and high (40<, mean 76.3+/-45.3, n=42). In the high BNP group, most clinical parameters indicated the most severe organ damage compared with other groups, including SV1+RV5, DT and LVMI. In all patients, logarithmic BNP was positively correlated with the age, pulse pressure, SV1+RV5, CTR, ventricular wall thickness, DT, LVMI and negatively correlated with hemoglobin, renin and E/A ratio. Using multiple regression analysis, renin and DT were significantly associated with BNP. No gender differences in the relationship between BNP and clinical parameters were found.
Results suggest that BNP is a useful indicator for the initial assessment of the severity of essential hypertension, detecting both cardiac hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, and may also be valuable for risk stratification.
- SourceAvailable from: Tsuneaki Sadanaga[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: B-type natriuretic peptide level is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation. The aim of the present study was to present the distribution of steady-state B-type natriuretic peptide levels of various clinical backgrounds and to elucidate the usefulness of measuring them in patients with atrial fibrillation. B-type natriuretic peptide was measured in stable conditions in patients with atrial fibrillation (74 ± 10 y/o, n = 473). The average B-type natriuretic peptide level was 161 ± 202 (median 101) pg/ml. Multiple regression analysis showed that age, left ventricular ejection fraction, left atrial diameter, structural heart disease, chronic atrial fibrillation, and heart failure symptoms were independently associated with elevated B-type natriuretic peptide levels. However, in chronic atrial fibrillation patients without structural heart disease, B-type natriuretic peptide levels did not differ between those with and without heart failure symptoms. Notably, B-type natriuretic peptide levels were high (≥ 150 pg/ml) in 41% of asymptomatic chronic atrial fibrillation without structural heart disease. Steady-state B-type natriuretic peptide levels of various clinical backgrounds were presented. Contributions of BNP elevation by clinical variables were somewhat different in different population. B-type natriuretic peptide was elevated in substantial percentage of asymptomatic chronic atrial fibrillation even without structural heart disease.Heart and Vessels 05/2011; 27(3):280-6. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration has been associated with atherosclerosis and ischemic cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the general population, less is known about this relationship in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We prospectively analyzed 227 pre-dialysis patients with CKD [median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): 28.82 (11.65-48.20) ml/min/1.73 m(2)]. At enrollment, BNP concentrations, biochemical and echocardiographic parameters were measured, and carotid artery ultrasound was performed. Patients were prospectively followed for a mean 31.8 months (range 0.5-57.0 months). Ischemic CV events and patient outcomes were recorded. Median BNP concentration at enrollment was significantly higher in the CKD patients than in a control group [53.9 (16.2-181.0) pg/ml vs. 9.4 (7.0-15.3) pg/ml, P<0.01]. BNP concentration was positively related with the carotid intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (CCA-IMT) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and was significantly higher in patients with than without carotid plaques (P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that lgBNP concentration was independently correlated with carotid plaques. Thirty-two patients experienced ischemic cardiovascular (ICV) events during follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that cumulative survival without new ICV events was better in patients with lower than with higher BNP concentrations (P<0.01). Cox regression analysis showed that BNP was an independent risk factor for ICV events (HR=3.167, 95%CI=1.398-7.171, P<0.01). Similar to findings in the general population, elevated BNP level is related to atherosclerosis and an increased risk of ICV events in pre-dialytic CKD patients.European Journal of Internal Medicine 09/2012; 23(6):539-44. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although strict blood pressure (BP) control is effective in the prevention of cardiovascular events, it is often insufficient in many hypertensive patients. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular events. We investigated the effects of the losartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination on BP and plasma BNP in hypertensive patients uncontrolled by an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB])-based therapy. In a multicentre prospective observational study, we enrolled 185 patients aged 36-79 years (mean age 63.8 years) with essential hypertension but without symptoms of heart failure who received an ARB-based therapy for ≥3 months but failed to achieve a target BP recommended by the Japanese Society of Hypertension (JSH). ARBs were switched to losartan (LOS) 50 mg/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg. The antihypertensive efficacy, safety, and effects of this combination on blood biochemical parameters and plasma BNP were evaluated for 12 months. Mean ± SD systolic and diastolic BP decreased from 152 ± 13/87 ± 10 mmHg to 128 ± 14/74 ± 10 mmHg, respectively, after 12 months (p < 0.001). Mean ± SD plasma BNP levels decreased significantly from 46.0 ± 83.0 pg/mL to 40.8 ± 68.0 pg/mL (p < 0.05). The percentage of patients who achieved the JSH 2004 target BP was 51% after 12 months; the percentage was 63% in elderly patients aged ≥65 years without complications, and 43% in patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. No association was found between a decrease in plasma BNP levels and BP, age, body mass index or estimated glomerular filtration rate. There was a significant increase in serum uric acid and a decrease in serum potassium, but both were within the range of normal values. Adverse events were observed in 8.6% of the patients. Antihypertensive treatment using two types of drugs (LOS/HCTZ) with different mechanisms yielded potent antihypertensive efficacy with safety and decreased plasma BNP levels.Clinical Drug Investigation 12/2011; 32(3):171-8. · 1.92 Impact Factor