Effects of aging and dietary antler supplementation on the calcium-regulating hormones and bone status in ovariectomized SAMP8 mice.

Department of Sports, Health and Leisure, Yungta Institute of Technology and Commerce, Pingtung, Taiwan, ROC.
The Chinese journal of physiology (Impact Factor: 0.75). 01/2008; 50(6):308-14.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to investigate the effects of aging and long-term dietary antler supplementation on the calcium-regulating hormones and bone status in ovariectomized (Ovx) SAMP8 mice. The female SAMP8 mice were divided into four groups (in each group n = 6), Ovx or sham operated at the age of 2 months, and fed with 0.2% antler containing diet or control diet from the age of 2.5 months. The samples were collected at the age of 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 months, respectively, for physicochemical analyses, biochemical analyses, and the determination of hormones by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that plasma calcium (Ca) concentrations were maintained in a narrow range in all groups throughout the whole experimental period. With aging and/or ovariectomy, plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-(OH)2-D3) levels increased, and plasma phosphorus (P) and calcitonin (CT) levels decreased, and the femoral bone densities and Ca contents increased during the earlier stage, and then decreased gradually in all groups. Plasma PTH and 1,25-(OH)2-D3 levels in the Ovx mice were significantly higher than those in the intact mice, and plasma P concentrations, plasma CT levels, femoral bone densities, and femoral Ca contents in the Ovx mice were significantly lower than those in the intact mice. In addition, the decreases of plasma P levels, plasma CT levels, femoral bone densities, and femoral Ca contents, and the increases of plasma PTH levels were moderated by antler administration in both Ovx and intact mice. However, there was no effect of the dietary antler supplementation on the plasma 1,25-(OH)2-D3 levels in the female mice. It is concluded that prolonged dietary antler supplementation has important positive effects on bone loss with age and/ or ovarian function deficiency.

  • Source
    The Clinical Spectrum of Alzheimer's Disease -The Charge Toward Comprehensive Diagnostic and Therapeutic Strategies, 09/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-993-6
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonates are indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis. However, they could have an adverse effect on specific sites, such as the bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of etidronate on the resorption and apposition sides of the periodontium in ovariectomized rats. Twenty-four female Wistar rats were randomly subjected to either ovariectomy or sham operation. After 8 weeks, six animals of each group were sacrificed. The other 12 rats received 5 mg/kg/day etidronate subcutaneously during 4 weeks. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase reaction and immunohistochemical staining for receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK), RANK-ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and osteocalcin was performed. Immunoreactivity was evaluated using a semiquantitative analysis. In ovariectomized rats, osteoclasts were noticed in the root socket of molars, including the apposition side of the periodontium, in which RANKL expression was significantly evidenced. In the etidronate-treated group, OPG expression was significantly expressed and osteoclasts that were noticed in the resorption side remained undetected in the apposition side even under ovariectomy. RANK was significantly expressed in ovariectomized rats treated with etidronate. Osteoid formation and osteocalcin expression were described on the alveolar bone surfaces in etidronate-treated rats, with or without ovariectomy. Etidronate has specific site and bone cell actions in the periodontium. It inhibits the osteoclast differentiation induced by ovariectomy in the apposition side of the periodontium but maintains bone formation over all the socket surfaces. Such specificity may be related to the pathogenesis of the bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw.
    Journal of Periodontology 12/2011; 83(8):1063-8. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many postmenopausal women have vitamin D and calcium deficiency. Therefore, vitamin D and calcium supplementation is recommended for all patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis. We used an experimental rat model to test the hypothesis that induction of osteoporosis is more efficiently achieved in peripheral bone through combining ovariectomy with a unique multi-deficiencies diet (vitamin D depletion and deficient calcium, vitamin K and phosphorus). 14-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats served as controls to examine the initial bone status. 11 rats were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX) and fed with multi-deficiencies diet. Three months later the treated group and the Sham group (n = 8) were euthanized. Bone biomechanical competence of the diaphyseal bone was examined on both, tibia and femur. Image analysis was performed on tibia via µCT, and on femur via histological analysis. Lower torsional stiffness indicated inferior mechanical competence of the tibia in 3 month OVX+Diet. Proximal metaphyseal region of the tibia showed a diminished bone tissue portion to total tissue in the µCT despite the increased total area as evaluated in both µCT and histology. Cortical bone showed higher porosity and smaller cross sectional thickness of the tibial diaphysis in the OVX+Diet rats. A lower ALP positive area and elevated serum level of RANKL exhibited the unbalanced cellular interaction in bone remodeling in the OVX+Diet rat after 3 month of treatment. Interestingly, more adipose tissue area in bone marrow indicated an effect of bone loss similar to that observed in osteoporotic patients. Nonetheless, the presence of osteoid and elevated serum level of PTH, BGP and Opn suggest the development of osteomalacia rather than an osteoporosis. As the treatment and fracture management of both osteoporotic and osteomalacia patients are clinically overlapping, this study provides a preclinical animal model to be utilized in local supplementation of minerals, drugs and growth factors in future fracture healing studies.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71665. · 3.53 Impact Factor


Available from