Dynamics of early phase congestion after nasal allergen provocation

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
Rhinology (Impact Factor: 3.76). 04/2008; 46(1):52-5.
Source: PubMed


It is generally accepted that congestion during the nasal provocation is most pronounced at about 15 minutes after allergen application. However, it may reach its peak at a different time. This can cause inaccurate assessment of the nasal challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of early phase congestion during nasal allergen provocation (NPT) and its reproducibility.
Two nasal allergen challenges were performed in 26 allergic rhinitis volunteers. Acoustic Rhinometry measurements were recorded beJbre, and then every 5 minutes/for 30 minutes after the allergen application. The sum of cross-sectional areas at the level of the head of inferior nasal turbinate (CSA-2) of both nasal passages was analyzed.
The mean time to the occurrence of maximum congestion was 20 minutes. The maximum congestion differed significantly from that recorded at 10, 15 and 20 minutes. The observed patterns of congestive response were not consistent, with inter- and intra-individual differences regarding the time to maximum congestion. Percentage change in airway dimension recorded at the maximum congestion was found the least variable.
Evaluation of the maximum congestion pattern during the NPT gives more accurate data compared to a single measurement of nasal patency.

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