Explicit rejection of an implicit dichotomy: integrating two approaches to assessing dependency.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.
Journal of Personality Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.01). 02/2008; 90(1):26-35. DOI: 10.1080/00223890701468584
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The field of personality theory and assessment is characterized by a long-standing divide between proponents of self-report and indirect approaches to assessment. This article reviews the increasing convergence between the two sides, using recent writings on interpersonal dependency as an example domain. The assumptions of the self-report approach to personality assessment are contrasted with those of the indirect, and research using both types of assessments is reviewed. Also considered is the importance of recognizing dissociations between a particular individual's scores on self-report and indirect measures of a given component of self-concept, and the possible implications of such dissociations. It is argued that the convergence between two traditionally disparate approaches is likely to develop, in light of hypotheses, data and conclusions that bear notable similarity.

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