Article

Volatile organic compounds produced by human skin cells.

Biotechnology Center, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile.
Biological research (Impact Factor: 1.04). 02/2007; 40(3):347-55. DOI: 10.4067/S0716-97602007000400009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Skin produces volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released to the environment with emission patterns characteristic of climatic conditions. It could be thought that these compounds are intermediaries in cell metabolism, since many intermediaries of metabolic pathways have a volatile potential. In this work, using gas chromatography, we answered the question of whether VOC profiles of primary cultures of human dermal fibroblasts were affected by the type of culture conditions. VOCs were determined for different types of culture, finding significant differences between skin cells grown in classical monolayer culture -2D- compared with 3D matrix immobilized cultures. This indicates that VOC profiles could provide information on the physiological state of skin cells or skin.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Juan G Reyes, Jul 06, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
209 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of fibrin in tissue engineering has greatly increased over the last 10 years. The aim of this research was to develop a mathematical model to relate the microcapsule-size and cell-load to growth and oxygen depletion. Keratinocytes were isolated from rat skins and microencapsulated dropping fibrinogen and thrombin solutions. The cell growth was measured with MTT-assay and confirmed using histochemical technique. The oxygen was evaluated using a Clark sensor. It was found that Fick-Monod model explained the cell growth for the first 48 h, but overestimated the same thereafter. It was necessary to add a logistic equation to reach valid results. In relation to the preferred implant alternative, when considering large initial cell loads, the possibility to implant small loads of fast-growing cells arises from the simulations. In relation to the microcapsule size, it was found that a critical diameter could be established from which cell growth velocity is about the same.
    Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 09/2008; 32(3):341-51. DOI:10.1007/s00449-008-0253-1 · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One of the limitations in tissue engineering is the restricted ability to expand the number of cells, because somatic cells can duplicate a limited number of times before they lose the ability to divide, leading to a senescent state. Here we report that the interaction of senescent fibroblasts with fibrin polymer can modify the senescent phenotype and partially restore the ability of growth-arrested cells to continue replicating. Primary human dermal fibroblasts were grown to >90% SA/beta-Gal (senescence associated beta-galactosidase). The senescent cells were immobilized in fibrin-polymers by mixing fibrinogen and thrombin solutions. Immobilized senescent cell cultures grew, however, their growth arrested after 24 h of immobilization. The percentage of cells with a positive reaction at SA/beta-Gal did not decrease significantly after immobilization, but the intensity of the stain decreased. The glycolytic activity in immobilized senescent fibroblast was re-established at pre-senescent levels. In conclusion, fibrin induces changes in the phenotype of senescent human fibroblasts. This simple procedure could complement available tissue-engineering techniques to increase the amount of biomass seeded on a fibrin scaffold, which could be beyond senescence.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 01/2009; 20(13):1929-42. DOI:10.1163/156856208X394418 · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In food fermentation, many types of immobilization systems are used, such as hydrogel entrapment, where alginate is the main biopolymer. one of the important problems in industrial processes is the quantifications of biomass, since the traditional system of direct cell counting cannot be used. In this study, a simple digital imaging method to determine the biomass of yeasts immobilized into alginate capsules was developed. Important evidence of the yeasts growing inside the alginate was the change in the surface color of the capsule. Digital images were taken with different biomass concentration, and the RGB-analysis showed significant differences in the blue field. The histogram of the blue channel was used to develop a PLS multivariate calibration to predict biomass concentration. The method was validated in primary beer fermentation with good efficiency. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und-Technologie 10/2009; 42(8):1444-1449. DOI:10.1016/j.lwt.2009.03.013 · 2.47 Impact Factor