To determine whether vaginal descent changes are associated with pelvic floor symptoms in postmenopausal women.
This 4-year prospective study included 260 postmenopausal women with an intact uterus enrolled at one Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trial site. All completed at least two annual pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examinations and symptom questionnaires (30 bladder, bowel, and prolapse symptom items, modified from the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory). Symptoms were grouped, and group scores categorized into two or three evenly distributed levels. Year 4 data collection was incomplete because the overall WHI study halted. Generalized logistic linear models and generalized estimating equation methods were used to measure associations between vaginal descent and a symptom or symptom score, controlling for time, age, and body mass index (BMI).
Mean age was 68+/-5 years, BMI 30+/-6 kg/m(2), and median parity 4. Ninety-five percent of women had POP-Q stages I-II prolapse. Increasing maximal vaginal descent was associated with "see/feel a bulge" and "sensation of protrusion or bulging," and with obstructive bladder, prolapse, and obstructive bowel scores. Increasing apical descent (POP-Q point C) was associated with "see/feel a bulge," increasing anterior descent (POP-Q point Ba) with bladder pain and obstructive bladder scores, and increasing posterior descent (POP-Q point Bp) with the bowel incontinence score.
Although previous work showed that most pelvic floor symptoms correlated poorly with levels of early prolapse, longitudinal analysis suggests that vaginal descent progression over time is positively associated with various bladder, bowel, and prolapse symptoms in postmenopausal women with stages I-II prolapse.
"In the current study, parity, prior UI surgery/treatment, POP-Q stage, hormonal status, and incontinence episode frequency were not independently associated with UUI or bother from UUI and LUTS as measured by the UDI-I and MESA urge. Our findings that vaginal anatomy and support were not related to LUTS are consistent with previous studies [18, 19]. Although parity has been reported as a risk factor for urgency and UUI [17, 20]; when subjects with pure or predominant UUI are studied, parity tends to show an association with SUI and/or MUI, but not with UUI [15, 16, 21]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective. To determine baseline variables associated with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) in women presenting for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. Methods. Baseline data from two randomized trials enrolling 1,252 women were analyzed: SISTEr (fascial sling versus Burch colposuspension) and TOMUS (retropubic versus transobturator midurethral sling). Demographic data, POP-Q measures, and validated measures of symptom severity and quality of life were collected. Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were measured in TOMUS. Multivariate models were constructed with UUI and symptom severity as outcomes. Results. Over two-thirds of subjects reported bothersome UUI at baseline. TOMUS patients with more comorbidities had higher UDI irritative scores (CCI score 0 = 39.4, CCI score 1 = 42.1, and CCI score 2+ = 51.0, P = 0.0003), and higher depression scores were associated with more severe UUI. Smoking, parity, prior incontinence surgery/treatment, prolapse stage, and incontinence episode frequency were not independently associated with UUI. Conclusions. There were no modifiable risk factors identified for patient-reported UUI in women presenting for SUI surgery. However, the direct relationships between comorbidity level, depression, and worsening of UUI/urgency symptoms may represent targets for preoperative intervention. Further research is necessary to elucidate the pathophysiologic mechanisms that explain the associations between these medical conditions and bladder function.
Advances in Urology 11/2013; 2013(3):567375. DOI:10.1155/2013/567375
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the nature of the anatomic defects in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) correlates with the character of the symptoms.
This study was a cross-sectional investigation within a population-based sample. Two hundred eighty women who had completed a symptom questionnaire were examined according to POP quantification by two gynecologists blinded to symptom reports.
An age- and parity-adjusted logistic regression model, controlling for POP in other compartments, revealed that the feeling of vaginal bulge was specific to prolapse but not to any particular compartment, although the association was strongest with anterior-wall prolapse (odds ratio [OR] for the symptom among women with stage II-IV relative to stage 0 was 5.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5-13.3). Urge urinary incontinence tended to be linked to POP in either the anterior or posterior wall, but the association was stronger with anterior-wall prolapse. Stress urinary incontinence was strongly linked to posterior-wall prolapse (stage II-IV OR 5.4, 95% CI 1.9-15.2). Self-reports of hard/lumpy stool and difficult or painful defecation tended to be associated with anterior-wall prolapse but without consistent relationships with stage. Painful defecation was the only bowel symptom significantly linked to posterior-wall prolapse (P=.05).
Pelvic floor-related symptoms do not predict the anatomic location of the prolapse in women with mild to moderate prolapse.
Obstetrics and Gynecology 11/2008; 112(4):851-8. DOI:10.1097/AOG.0b013e318187c550 · 5.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In selected populations, pelvic organ prolapse (POP) was associated with bladder/bowel symptoms, but data on the general female population are lacking. Our aim was to obtain normative data on the prevalence of POP and pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) symptoms and signs and to identify associations.
Validated questionnaires on POP and PFD (urogenital distress inventory, (UDI) and defaecation distress inventory (DDI)) were sent to a general population of 2,979 women (aged 45-85 years). Data were analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, chi square test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.
Response rate was 62.7%. Associations between POP stage and parity (0.002) and vaginal bulging (<0.001) are significant. Anatomical locations of POP and PFD symptoms correlated significantly with incontinence of flatus, feeling anal prolapse, manual evacuation of stool, vaginal bulging, constipation and pain during faecal urge (p < or = 0.005).
Strategies should be developed to alleviate obstructive bowel disorders associated with POP.
International Urogynecology Journal 06/2009; 20(9):1037-45. DOI:10.1007/s00192-009-0902-1 · 1.96 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.