Rab35 and its GAP EPI64C in T cells regulate receptor recycling and immunological synapse formation
ABSTRACT Upon antigen recognition, T-cell receptor (TCR/CD3) and other signaling molecules become enriched in a specialized contact site between the T cell and antigen-presenting cell, i.e. the immunological synapse (IS). Enrichment occurs via mechanisms that include polarized secretion from recycling endosomes, but the Rabs and RabGAPs that regulate this are unknown. EPI64C (TBC1D10C) is an uncharacterized candidate RabGAP we identified by mass spectrometry as abundant in human peripheral blood T cells that is preferentially expressed in hematopoietic cells. EPI64C is a Rab35-GAP based both on in vitro Rab35-specific GAP activity and findings in transfection assays. EPI64C and Rab35 dominant negative (DN) constructs each impaired transferrin export from a recycling pathway in Jurkat T-cells and induced large vacuoles marked by transferrin receptor, TCR, and SNAREs implicated in TCR-polarized secretion. Rab35 localized to the plasma membrane and to intracellular vesicles where it substantially colocalized with TfR and with TCR. Rab35 was strongly recruited to the IS. Conjugate formation was impaired by transfection with Rab35-DN or EPI64C and by EPI64C knock down. TCR enrichment at the IS was impaired by Rab35-DN. Thus, EPI64C and Rab35 regulate a recycling pathway in T cells and contribute to IS formation, most likely by participating in TCR transport to the IS.
- SourceAvailable from: Takeshi NakamuraBiosensors - Emerging Materials and Applications, 07/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-328-6
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ABSTRACT: The DENN domain is an evolutionarily ancient protein module. Mutations in the DENN domain cause developmental defects in plants and human diseases, yet the function of this common module is unknown. We now demonstrate that the connecdenn/DENND1A DENN domain functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rab35 to regulate endosomal membrane trafficking. Loss of Rab35 activity causes an enlargement of early endosomes and inhibits MHC class I recycling. Moreover, it prevents early endosomal recruitment of EHD1, a common component of tubules involved in endosomal cargo recycling. Our data reveal an enzymatic activity for a DENN domain and demonstrate that distinct Rab GTPases can recruit a common protein machinery to various sites within the endosomal network to establish cargo-selective recycling pathways.Molecular cell 02/2010; 37(3):370-82. DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2009.12.037 · 14.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Rab family of GTPases are regulators of eukaryotic vesicular membrane traffic, while modulation of actin dynamics is a function conventionally associated with the Rho family of GTPases. Rab35 is a Rab protein with both plasma membrane and endosomal localization, and has been implicated in diverse processes that include T-cell receptor recycling, oocyte yolk protein recycling and cytokinesis. Rab35 regulates neurite outgrowth in neuronal-like cells, and can induce protrusions even in typically non-adherent Jurkat T-cells. Recent evidence indicates that Rab35's activity, particularly the ability to mediate protrusive outgrowths, is due to its direct influence on actin dynamics. This can occur via activation of the Rho family of GTPases, or through the engagement of its effector fascin, an actin bundling protein.FEBS letters 11/2009; 584(1):1-6. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2009.11.051 · 3.34 Impact Factor