Evi-1 promotes para-aortic splanchnopleural hematopoiesis through up-regulation of GATA-2 and repression of TGF-b signaling.
ABSTRACT Evi-1 is a zinc-finger transcriptional factor whose inappropriate expression leads to leukemic transformation in mice and humans. Recently, it has been shown that Evi-1 regulates proliferation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells at embryonic stage via GATA-2 up-regulation; however, detailed mechanisms underlying Evi-1-mediated early hematopoiesis are not fully understood. We therefore evaluated hematopoietic potential of Evi-1 mutants using a cultivation system of murine para-aortic splanchnopleural (P-Sp) regions, and found that both the first zinc finger domain and the acidic domain were required for Evi-1-mediated hematopoiesis. The hematopoietic potential of Evi-1 mutants was likely to be related to its ability to up-regulate GATA-2 expression. We also showed that the decreased colony forming capacity of Evi-1-deficient P-Sp cells was successfully recovered by inhibition of TGF-b signaling, using ALK5 inhibitor or retroviral transfer of dominant-negative-type Smad3. Our findings suggest that Evi-1 promotes hematopoietic stem/progenitor expansion at the embryonic stage through up-regulation of GATA-2 and repression of TGF-beta signaling.
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ABSTRACT: The proto-oncogene EVI1 encodes a DNA binding protein and is located on chromosome 3q26. The gene is aberrantly expressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients carrying 3q26 abnormalities. Two mRNAs are transcribed from this locus: EVI1 and a fusion of EVI1 with MDS1 (MDS1-EVI1), a gene located 5' of EVI1. The purpose of this study was to investigate which of the 2 gene products is involved in transformation in human AML. To discriminate between EVI1 and MDS1-EVI1 transcripts, distinct real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were developed. Patients with 3q26 abnormalities often showed high EVI1 and MDS1-EVI1 expression. In a cohort of 319 AML patients, 4 subgroups could be distinguished: EVI1(+) and MDS1-EVI1(-) (6 patients; group I), EVI1(+) and MDS1-EVI1(+) (26 patients; group II), EVI1(-) and MDS1-EVI1(+) (12 patients; group III), and EVI1(-) and MDS1-EVI1(-) (275 patients; group IV). The only 4 patients with a 3q26 aberration belonged to groups I and II. Interestingly, high EVI1 and not MDS1-EVI1 expression was associated with unfavorable karyotypes (eg, -7/7q-) or complex karyotypes. Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between EVI1 expression and 11q23 aberrations (mixed lineage leukemia [MLL] gene involvement). Patients from groups I and II had significantly shorter overall and event-free survival than patients in groups III and IV. Our data demonstrate that high EVI1 expression is an independent poor prognostic marker within the intermediate- risk karyotypic group.Blood 03/2003; 101(3):837-45. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Evi-1 encodes a zinc-finger protein that may be involved in leukaemic transformation of haematopoietic cells. Evi-1 has two zinc-finger domains, one with seven repeats of a zinc-finger motif and one with three repeats, and it has characteristics of a transcriptional regulator. Although Evi-1 is thought to be able to promote growth and to block differentiation in some cell types, its biological functions are poorly understood. Here we study the mechanisms that underlie oncogenesis induced by Evi-1 by investigating whether Evi-1 perturbs signalling through transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), one of the most studied growth-regulatory factors, which inhibits proliferation of a wide range of cell types. We show that Evi-1 represses TGF-beta signalling and antagonizes the growth-inhibitory effects of TGF-beta. Two separate regions of Evi-1 are responsible for this repression; one of these regions is the first zinc-finger domain. Through this domain, Evi-1 interacts with Smad3, an intracellular mediator of TGF-beta signalling, thereby suppressing the transcriptional activity of Smad3. These results define a new function of Evi-1 as a repressor of signalling through TGF-beta.Nature 08/1998; 394(6688):92-6. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Structural alterations occur in the long arm of chromosome 3 in approximately 2% of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The major alterations are inv(3)(q21q26) and t(3:3)(q21;q26) and are often classified as the 3q21q26 syndrome. We previously reported that the EVI1 gene is transcriptionally activated in AMLs with t(3;3)(q21;q26) and inv(3)(q21q26) and that the chromosomal breakpoints at 3q26 in the translocations were 5' of the EVI1 gene, whereas the breakpoints in the inversion cases were 3' of the gene. In these studies, four additional cases of AML with inv(3)(q21q26) are shown to express the EVI1 gene and to have breakpoints 3' of the gene. To characterize the 3q21 breakpoint region, cosmid and phage clones were isolated that cover approximately 100 kb. At 3q21, the breakpoints for both AMLs with t(3;3)(q21;q26) and inv(3)(q21q26) were found to cluster over a region of approximately 50 kb downstream of the Ribophorin I gene. The results indicate a common mechanism for the translocations and inversions and support the hypothesis that the transcriptional activation of the EVI1 gene is mediated by enhancer elements associated with the Ribophorin I gene.Blood 11/1994; 84(8):2681-8. · 9.06 Impact Factor