Evi-1 promotes para-aortic splanchnopleural hematopoiesis through up-regulation of GATA-2 and repression of TGF-b signaling.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.
Cancer Science (Impact Factor: 3.53). 08/2008; 99(7):1407-13. DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2008.00842.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Evi-1 is a zinc-finger transcriptional factor whose inappropriate expression leads to leukemic transformation in mice and humans. Recently, it has been shown that Evi-1 regulates proliferation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells at embryonic stage via GATA-2 up-regulation; however, detailed mechanisms underlying Evi-1-mediated early hematopoiesis are not fully understood. We therefore evaluated hematopoietic potential of Evi-1 mutants using a cultivation system of murine para-aortic splanchnopleural (P-Sp) regions, and found that both the first zinc finger domain and the acidic domain were required for Evi-1-mediated hematopoiesis. The hematopoietic potential of Evi-1 mutants was likely to be related to its ability to up-regulate GATA-2 expression. We also showed that the decreased colony forming capacity of Evi-1-deficient P-Sp cells was successfully recovered by inhibition of TGF-b signaling, using ALK5 inhibitor or retroviral transfer of dominant-negative-type Smad3. Our findings suggest that Evi-1 promotes hematopoietic stem/progenitor expansion at the embryonic stage through up-regulation of GATA-2 and repression of TGF-beta signaling.

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    ABSTRACT: Relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is triggered by stem cells with a reconstituting capacity similar to that of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and CML stem cells are a source of resistance in drug therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1), a key transcription factor in HSC regulation, is known to predict poor outcomes in myeloid malignancies, however, incapability of prospective isolation of EVI1-high leukemic cells precludes the functional evaluation of intraindividual EVI1-high cells. Introduction of CML into Evi1-internal ribosomal entry site (IRES)-green fluorescent protein (GFP) knock-in mice, a versatile HSC-reporter strain, enables us to separate Evi1-high CML cells from the individual. Evi1-IRES-GFP allele models of CML in chronic phase (CML-CP), by retroviral overexpression of BCR-ABL and by crossing BCR-ABL transgenic mice, revealed that Evi1 is predominantly enriched in the stem cell fraction and associated with an enhanced proliferative as well as a leukemia-initiating capacity and that Evi1-high CML-CP cells exhibit resistance to TKIs. Overexpressing BCR-ABL and NUP98-HOXA9 in Evi1-IRES-GFP knock-in mice to model CML in blast crisis (CML-BC), in which Evi1-high cells turned to be a major population as opposed to a minor population in CML-CP models, showed that Evi1-high CML-BC cells have a greater potential to recapitulate the disease and appear resistant to TKIs. Furthermore, given that Evi1 heterozygosity ameliorates CML-CP and CML-BC development and that the combination of Evi1 and BCR-ABL causes acute myeloid leukemia resembling CML-BC, Evi1 could regulate CML development as a potent driver. In addition, in human CML-CP cases, we show that EVI1 is highly expressed in stem cell-enriched CD34+CD38-CD90+ fraction at single-cell level. This is the first report to clarify directly that Evi1-high leukemic cells themselves possess the superior potential to Evi1-low cells in oncogenic self-renewal, which highlights the role of Evi1 as a valuable and a functional marker of CML stem cells.Oncogene advance online publication, 21 April 2014; doi:10.1038/onc.2014.108.
    Oncogene 04/2014; DOI:10.1038/onc.2014.108 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify the correlations of a common polymorphism (rs6774494 A > G) in the EVI-1 gene targeted by micro-RNA (miRNA)-206/133b with the pathogenesis of breast cancer (BC). A total of 196 unrelated ethnic Han Chinese women diagnosed with primary BC were consecutively recruited and 200 healthy controls were randomly selected from the same population-based cohort. Direct PCR sequencing assay was used to detection of rs6774494 A > G polymorphism in the EVI-1 gene. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) analysis was performed to verify the alterations of the EVI1 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to investigate and to estimate the survival outcomes for each endpoint. All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS software (version 18.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL). Our results demonstrated that the carriers of EVI-1 AG genotype were more likely to develop BC when compared with the EVI-1 GG genotype (P = 0.034, OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.02 ∼ 1.57). In addition, it was found that patients with the G (AG + GG) allele of EVI-1 genetic variants were associated with higher risk of BC compared with the EVI-1 AA genotype (OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.02 ∼ 1.54, P = 0.028). The results of a subgroup analysis stratified by menopause revealed that in female post-menopause subgroup patients with the EVI-1 G allele were correlated with a higher risk of BC than those with the EVI-1 AA genotype (OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.00 ∼ 1.72, P = 0.054). Kaplan-Meier analyses suggested that carriers of the G allele (AG + GG) were associated with poorer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared with those with AA genotype (OS P = 0.042; PFS P = 0.036, respectively). The correlation analysis showed that EVI-1 mRNA levels were negatively associated with miRNA-206/133b levels in the carriers of the G allele (AG + GG) (r = -1.274, P < 0.05). Our findings provide evidence that the EVI-1 rs6774494 G > A polymorphism targeted by miRNA-206/133b may contribute to the pathogenesis of BC.
    Tumor Biology 06/2014; 35(9). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2213-5 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PRDM (PRDI-BF1 and RIZ homology domain containing) protein family members are characterized by the presence of a PR domain and a variable number of Zn-finger repeats. Experimental evidence has shown that the PRDM proteins play an important role in gene expression regulation, modifying the chromatin structure either directly, through the intrinsic methyltransferase activity, or indirectly through the recruitment of chromatin remodeling complexes. PRDM proteins have a dual action: they mediate the effect induced by different cell signals like steroid hormones and control the expression of growth factors. PRDM proteins therefore have a pivotal role in the transduction of signals that control cell proliferation and differentiation and consequently neoplastic transformation. In this review, we describe pathways in which PRDM proteins are involved and the molecular mechanism of their transcriptional regulation.
    Biology 03/2013; 2(1):107-41. DOI:10.3390/biology2010107

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