Pattern of macular thickness changes measured by ocular coherence tomography in patients with multiple sclerosis.
ABSTRACT An analysis of the pattern of retinal thickness changes in macula in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was performed.
In fifteen patients with MS retinal thickness measurements in the central (fovea plus inner macular ring) and peripheral (outer ring) macula obtained by ocular coherence tomography (OCT-3 device) were compared to those of 15 age-matched healthy controls.
Eyes of MS patients had on the average a thinner macula (241.8 +/- 20.6 micrometers) than control eyes (252.0 +/- 16.4, p value 0.038). Significant segmental differences occurred in the central macula (p = 0.013). Eight eyes with a positive history of optic neuritis (ON) had on average a thinner macula (226.8 +/- 14.0) than eyes of MS patients without a history of ON (non-ON eyes: 247.3 +/- 20.1, p value 0.01). The only measure significantly different between non-ON and control eyes was the ratio between the central and peripheral macular thickness (p = 0.017). Average macular thickness in non-ON eyes, unlike control eyes (r = - 0.63, p = 0.0002), did not correlate with age (r = 0.01, p = 0.97), however, it did show a borderline correlation with disease duration (r = - 0.41, p = 0.056).
Preferential thinning in the central relative to the peripheral macular region is present in eyes of patients with MS. The macular thickness pattern is likely due to the histological distribution of nerve fibre layer and retinal ganglion cell in the macular area and seems to be particularly informative of neurodegeneration in the eyes of MS patients without a history of optic neuritis.
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ABSTRACT: Microvascular dysfunction is associated with end-organ damage. Macular oedema is an important component of diabetic retinopathy. Macular thickness can be accurately quantified by optical coherence tomography (OCT), enabling accurate assessment of the macular prior to clinically apparent abnormalities. We investigated whether macular (fovea) thickness in non-diabetic individuals is related to the microvascular variables controlling fluid filtration across a blood vessel wall, in particular capillary pressure and the microvascular filtration capacity (Kf). We recruited 50 non-diabetic individuals (25 men, 25 women; age range: 26-78 years; BMI range: 20-46 kg/m(2)). Fovea thickness was assessed by OCT. Microvascular assessments included: finger nailfold capillary pressure; Kf; microvascular structural assessments, i.e. skin vasodilatory capacity, minimum vascular resistance (MVR) and microvascular distensibility; and endothelial function. At 214.6 (19.9) microm (mean [SD]), fovea thickness was within normal range. Capillary pressure, adjusted for BMI, was associated with fovea thickness (standardised beta 0.573, p = 0.006, linear regression). Fovea thickness was not associated with Kf, microvascular structural assessments or endothelial function. Capillary pressure was still associated with fovea thickness when adjusted for microvascular variables (Kf, vasodilatory capacity, MVR, microvascular distensibility or endothelial function), or for risk factors for diabetes (systemic blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, inflammation, glycaemic status and lipids) and age. Capillary pressure, a key determinant of movement of fluid across a blood vessel wall, is associated with fovea thickness in non-diabetic individuals. This suggests that with regard to potential preventative or therapeutic targets, attention should be directed at the mechanisms determining retinal microvascular pressure.Diabetologia 09/2010; 53(9):2029-35. · 6.81 Impact Factor