Studies on land application of sewage sludge and its limiting factors

Key Laboratory of Terrestrial Ecosystems Process, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 417, No. 72, Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, China.
Journal of Hazardous Materials (Impact Factor: 4.33). 04/2008; 160(2-3):554-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Field experiments were conducted to study the effect of sewage sludge application on the heavy metal content in soils and grasses. The sewage sludge was obtained from Northern Shenyang Wastewater Treatment Plant, China, and applied at 0, 15, 30, 60, 120 and 150tha(-1). Native grasses Zoysia japonica and Poa annua were chosen as experimental plants. The experimental results showed that nutrient content of the soil, especially organic matter, was increased after sewage sludge application. The grass biomass was increased and the grass growing season was longer. Heavy metal concentrations in the soil also increased; however, the Zn content did not exceed the stringent Chinese environmental quality standard for soil. Pb and Cu did not exceed the standard for B grade soil, but Cd concentration in soil amended by sewage sludge has exceeded the B grade standard. Therefore, it is suggested that the sewage sludge produced from the wastewater treatment plant should not be applied to farmland, for which B grade soil or better is required. The sludge is suitable for application to forestry and grasslands or nurseries where food chain contamination with cadmium is not a concern.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Through pot experiments,the effects of various sludge loadings (0,40,80,120,200,280 t·ha-1) on growth of maize and sewage sludge application on contents of heavy metals in the soil were studied using sewage sludge from An-ning Plant of Wastewater Treatment of Lanzhou City. The results showed land application of sewage sludge increased significantly the contents of PbCuZn in the soil. The contents of PbCuZn in the soil did not exceed the standard of Environmental quality standards for soils for Grade II (GB-1518-1995) in china. Maize obtained good growth activities after land application of sewage sludge,maize height and biomass were increased significantly and were better than the control. Land application of sewage sludge inhibited maize seedling emergence and maize root length,showing the effects of dose-effect relationship with sludge application increasing. Maize root length was restrained significantly by heavy metals in the soil, the effects of heavy metals in the soil on plant root system should be considered with land application of sewage sludge. The optimal land application of sewage sludge is 80-120 t·ha-1.
    11/2013; 838-841:2694-2700. DOI:10.4028/
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of sewage sludge compost (SSC) alone and applied with chemical fertilizer on growth and heavy-metal accumulations in lettuce grown on two soils, a Xanthi-Udic Ferralosol and a Typic Purpli-Udic Cambosol. The treatments included control; nitrogen–phosphorus–potassium (NPK) fertilizer; sewage sludge compost applied at the rates of 27.54 (SSC), 82.62 (3SSC), 165.24 (6SSC) t hm–2; and coapplication treatment (1/2 SSC + 1/2 NPK), where the N, P, and K inputs from NPK fertilizer, SSC, and coapplication treatments were normalized to the local recommend rates. The SSC application increased the biomass; copper, zinc, and lead contents in lettuce; and soil total and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)–extractable metals. However, SSC alone at the recommended rate caused less plant biomass than NPK fertilizer alone. Coapplication treatment obtained greater or similar biomass to NPK fertilizer alone and did not increase heavy-metal accumulation in soils and plants. The results demonstrated that SSC should be applied to soils with chemical fertilizers.
    Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 06/2012; 43(11):1532-1541. DOI:10.1080/00103624.2012.675390 · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The fast pace of cropland loss in China is causing alarm over food security and China’s ability to remain self-reliant in crop production. Mudflats after organic amendment can be an important alternative cropland in China. Land application of sewage sludge has become a popular organic amendment to croplands in many countries. Nevertheless, the land application of sludge to mudflats has received little attention. Therefore, the objective of the present work was to investigate the impact of sewage sludge amendment (SSA) at 0, 30, 75, 150 and 300 t ha−1 rates on soil physicochemical properties, perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) growth and heavy metal accumulation in mudflat soil. The results showed that the application of sewage sludge increased organic matter (OM) content by 3.5-fold while reducing salinity by 76.3% at the 300 t ha−1 rate as compared to unamended soil. The SSA reduced pH, electric conductivity (EC) and bulk density in mudflat soil, increased porosity, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and contents of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), exchangeable potassium ions (K+), sodium ions (Na+), calcium ions (Ca2+) and magnesium ions (Mg2+) in comparison to unamended soil. There were 98.0, 146.6, 291.4 and 429.2% increases in fresh weight and 92.5, 132.4, 258.6 and 418.9% increases in dry weight of perennial ryegrass at 30, 75, 150, and 300 t ha−1, respectively, relative to unamended soil. The SSA increased metal concentrations of aboveground and root parts of perennial ryegrass (p Cr > Mn > Cu > Cd > Ni, and the metal concentrations in roots were significantly higher than aboveground parts. The metal accumulation in perennial ryegrass correlated positively with sludge application rates and available metal concentrations in mudflat soil. Land application of sewage sludge was proved to be an effective soil amendment that improved soil fertility and promoted perennial ryegrass growth in mudflat soil. However, heavy metal accumulation in plants may cause food safety concern.
    Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 12/2013; 59(6):942-952. DOI:10.1080/00380768.2013.866522 · 0.75 Impact Factor