Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm: transaortic repair may cause sinus of Valsalva distortion and aortic regurgitation.
ABSTRACT Recurrent or newly developing aortic regurgitation is a critical problem after the repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm.
A retrospective review of 56 patients who underwent surgical repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm between June 1990 and August 2006 was performed. Rupture of the right coronary sinus into the right ventricle was the most common anatomic type (39/56, 69.6%). Preoperative aortic regurgitation equal to or greater than grade II (n = 8, 17.9%) was managed by repair (aortic valvuloplasty, n = 5) or replacement (n = 3). Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm was repaired primarily (n = 7) or by patching (n = 10) through an aortotomy in 17 patients (transaortic group). In the remaining patients (n = 39), ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm was repaired primarily from the chamber into which the corresponding aortic sinus ruptured, and the aneurysmal sac was reinforced with a supporting patch (non-transaortic group).
Median follow-up duration was 46 months (0.4-177 months). There were 2 late deaths. Excluding 3 patients with aortic valve replacement on aneurysm repair, 11 patients (11/53, 21%) had recurrent or new-onset significant aortic regurgitation (> or = II/IV) during the follow-up period. By multivariable analysis, aortic valvuloplasty at initial operation was the only significant risk factor for postoperative aortic regurgitation (P < .001). After adjustment, the non-transaortic approach appeared to be associated with a lower risk of postoperative aortic regurgitation, with marginal significance (hazard ratio 0.28; P = .058). Five-year freedom from significant aortic regurgitation in the transaortic and non-transaortic groups was 68% +/- 12% and 94% +/- 4%, respectively.
Transaortic repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm may cause postoperative aortic regurgitation by progressive distortion of the aortic sinus geometry.
Article: Surgical correction of ruptured aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva using on-pump beating-heart technique.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rupture of aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva results in abrupt onset of congestive heart failure. On-pump beating-heart surgery may reduce cardiac impairment by maintaining coronary blood flow and avoiding cardioplegia. Herein, we report the operative correction of thirty-one patients of ruptured aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva, using the on-pump beating-heart technique. Thirty-one patients with ruptured aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva underwent operative corrections using the on-pump beating-heart technique. In patients with fistula diameter less than 1 cm and no aortic regurgitation, the aorta was unclamped throughout cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) while receiving antegrade heart perfusion. In remainder of patients, retrograde perfusion was used. After intracardiac manipulation was complete and the nasopharyngeal temperature was raised to 36-37 degrees C, the patients were smoothly weaned off CPB. There were no early or late postoperative deaths. All patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I at follow-up (range, 0.5-1 year). Mild-to-moderate aortic valve regurgitation was observed in one patient. No recurrence of the left-to-right shunt from ruptured aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva was observed. Beating heart on pump allows adequate examination of the aortic lesion under near-physiologic conditions, allows decrease in ischemia-reperfusion injury and potentially decreases the risk of serious or fatal rhythm disturbances. On-pump beating-heart technique for repair of ruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva is feasible and promising. Antegrade heart perfusion is suitable for patients with a fistula diameter <1 cm and no aortic regurgitation, and retrograde perfusion is suitable for the others.Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 01/2010; 5:37. · 1.19 Impact Factor