Reduced membranous beta-catenin protein expression is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis in squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate, by immunohistochemical analysis, the protein expression of beta-catenin and p53 in resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens. The clinical relevance and prognostic significance of the expression of these proteins were also analyzed.
Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from 68 resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tumor specimens to detect the expression of beta-catenin and p53. The correlation between the results of immunoexpression and the clinicopathologic parameters and patient survival was processed statistically.
Reduced membranous beta-catenin expression was noted in 43 (63.2%) of 68 tumor specimens. Increased expression of p53 was observed in 43 (63.2%) of 68 specimens. Reduced membranous beta-catenin protein expression was associated with the presence of distant metastasis (P = .006). Patients with reduced membranous beta-catenin expression had a worse prognosis than patients with normal membranous beta-catenin expression (P = .005). Patients with combined increased p53 and reduced membranous beta-catenin protein expression had the worst prognosis (P = .012). In a multivariate survival analysis, reduced membranous beta-catenin expression and nodal involvement were independent prognostic factors (P = .004 and .019, respectively).
Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that reduced membranous beta-catenin protein expression was associated with the presence of distant metastasis and a poor prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Combined increased p53 and reduced membranous beta-catenin protein expression indicated a very poor prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Further investigation is needed to understand the roles of beta-catenin and p53 in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 12/2012; 3(12):15-18.
Article: Cancer Stem Cell Radioresistance and Enrichment: Where Frontline Radiation Therapy May Fail in Lung and Esophageal Cancers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many studies have highlighted the role cancer stem cells (CSC) play in the development and progression of various types of cancer including lung and esophageal cancer. More recently, it has been proposed that the presence of CSCs affects treatment efficacy and patient prognosis. In reviewing this new area of cancer biology, we will give an overview of the current literature regarding lung and esophageal CSCs and radioresistance of CSC, and discuss the potential therapeutic applications of these findings.Cancers. 03/2011; 3(1):1232-1252.