Ambulatory arterial stiffness index is increased in hypertensive childhood disease

Division of Paediatric Nephrology, University of Bern, 3010 Berne, Switzerland.
Pediatric Research (Impact Factor: 2.84). 04/2008; 64(3):303-7. DOI: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e31817d9bc5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Arterial hypertension in adults is often associated with an increased arterial stiffness, which correlates with the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) as derived from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether children with diagnosed hypertension have an increased AASI as in hypertensive adults. AASI was calculated from 185 ambulatory BP measurements of 114 hypertensive and 71 normotensive, healthy children. Hypertensive children had higher AASI values compared with their normotensive healthy counterparts (0.370 +/- 0.120 versus 0.204 +/- 0.199, p < 0.0001). Children with longer duration of hypertension or a history of primary or secondary aortic coarctation displayed even more elevated AASI values. A receiver operator curve derived cut-off of AASI set at 0.301 distinguished (p < 0.0001) hypertensive from normotensive children with an odds ratio of 8.2, a sensitivity of 81%, and a specificity of 65%. Moreover, AASI correlated with pulse and systolic BP. In conclusion, AASI is elevated in hypertensive children and correlates with the duration and the origin of hypertension in childhood.

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and underlying atherosclerosis begin in childhood and are related to CVD risk factors. This study evaluates tools and strategies to enhance adoption of new CVD risk reduction guidelines for children. METHODS: Thirty-two practices, recruited and supported by 2 primary care research networks, were cluster randomized to a multifaceted controlled intervention. Practices were compared with guideline-based individual and composite measures for BMI, blood pressure (BP), and tobacco. Composite measures were constructed by summing the numerators and denominators of individual measures. Preintervention and postintervention measures were assessed by medical record review of children ages 3 to 11 years. Changes in measures (pre-post and intervention versus control) were compared. RESULTS: The intervention group BP composite improved by 29.5%, increasing from 49.7% to 79.2%, compared with the control group (49.5% to 49.6%; P < .001). Intervention group BP interpretation improved by 61.1% (from 0.2% to 61.3%), compared with the control group (0.4% to 0.6%; P < .001). The assessment of tobacco exposure or use for 5-to 11-year-olds in the intervention group improved by 30.3% (from 3.4% to 49.1%) versus the control group (0.6% to 21.4%) (P = .042). No significant change was seen in the BMI or tobacco composites measures. The overall composite of 9 measures improved by 13.4% (from 48.2% to 69.8%) for the intervention group versus the control group (47.4% to 55.2%) (P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Significant improvement was demonstrated in the overall composite measure, the composite measure of BP, and tobacco assessment and advice for children aged 5 to 11 years.
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