[Cytomorphology and molecular characterization of CLTC-ALK rearrangement in 2 cases of ALK-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with extensive bone marrow involvement].
ABSTRACT Aanaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an unusual disease entity first reported in 1997 as DLBCL with expression of full-length ALK protein. The World Health Organization classification enlists the disease as a rare variant of DLBCL. Herein we describe two cases of ALK-positive DLBCL with cytomorphologic and molecular characteristics for the first time in Korea. The patients were 35-yr-old and 24-yr-old male patients. Immunohistochemical studies on the lymph nodes revealed large sized neoplastic cells with plasmablastic differentiation, which were negative for CD30 and positive for ALK with the characteristic granular staining in the cytoplasmic region. Extensive involvement of bone marrow was observed in both cases showing large, extremely atypical cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and molecular studies on the bone marrow aspirate specimens led to the detection of a clathrin (CLTC)/ALK rearrangement. Despite aggressive chemotherapy, the patients died 15 and 17 months after the diagnosis, indicating poor prognosis of the disease entity. This is the first report demonstrating the cytomorphologic findings of ALK-positive DLBCL cells on bone marrow aspirates.
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ABSTRACT: Anaplastic large cell lymphomas are associated with the t(2;5)(p23;q35) chromosome translocation in 40% to 60% of cases, leading to a new chimeric gene NPM-ALK. NPM-ALK positive lymphomas are generally reported to be of either T cell or null phenotype. In this report, we describe a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma associated with the classic t(2;5) translocation and both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of ALK. The tumor consisted of medium-sized to large immunoblasts and plasmablasts that on immunohistology were negative for CD30, CD20, and CD79a but showed monotypic cytoplasmic expression of lambda light chains. Clonality analysis confirmed B-cell lineage of the tumor cells. The t(2;5)(p23;q35) chromosome translocation was demonstrated as part of a complex karyotypic alteration by classic banding and spectral karyotyping (SKY) analyses. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed rearrangement of NPM and ALK genes. This case exemplifies that the t(2;5) can, albeit rarely, occur in large B-cell lymphomas and is not entirely limited to anaplastic large cell lymphomas of T or null cell phenotypes.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 12/2003; 27(11):1473-6. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The initial identification of the ALK gene, expressed as C-terminal part of the transforming fusion protein NPM-ALK in the t(2;5)(p23;q35) lymphoma-associated chromosomal translocation, revealed a novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). In order to expand the knowledge on ALK expression in the human system, we examined a panel of human cell lines for ALK expression and found that transcription is completely repressed in cell lines of entodermal origin (0/21). Furthermore, full length receptor expression is absent in cell lines of the hematopoietic system with the exception of t(2;5)-associated anaplastic large cell lymphomas lines (ALCL), which are known to express chimeric NPM-ALK mRNA. Cell lines established from solid tumors of ectodermal origin, including melanoma and breast carcinoma, exhibited widespread mRNA expression of the ALK receptor at a broad range (53/64), an association which was found to be strongest in cell lines derived from neuroblastoma (6/6), glioblastoma (8/8) as well as in cell lines established from Ewing sarcoma (4/4) and retinoblastomas (2/2). Because of the reported involvement of neutrophin tyrosine kinase receptors in autocrine differentiation in neuroblastomas, we analyzed cell lines positive for full length or chimeric ALK protein for the presence of phoshotyrosine residues within the intracellular region of ALK. While the constitutive activation of chimeric NPM-ALK molecules could be shown, no evidence was found for induced or constitutively activated ALK receptors in neuroblastoma, melanoma or breast carcinoma cell lines. Although the receptor could be shown to be consistently expressed with exclusive specificity in tissues developed from the ectoderm, our results do not support any involvement of ALK in the stimulation of tumorigenic cell growth or differentiation so far, indicating that ALK expression is a physiologic rather than a pathologic phenomenon.International Journal of Cancer 08/2002; 100(1):49-56. · 6.20 Impact Factor
- Leukemia 11/2005; 19(10):1839-40. · 10.16 Impact Factor