Comparison of the performance of different HPV genotyping methods for detecting genital HPV types.
ABSTRACT Classification of high-risk HPV types for cervical cancer screening depends on epidemiological studies defining HPV type-specific risk. The genotyping tests that are used, are however, not uniform with regard to type-specific detection rates making comparisons between different studies difficult. To overcome the lack of a "gold standard" four tests were evaluated crosswise using 824 cervical smears pretested by HC2. The tests evaluated were the L1-PCR-based assays PGMY09/11 LBA, HPV DNA Chip and SPF LiPA and an E1 consensus PCR followed by cycle sequencing (E1-PCR). A subset of 265 samples was tested in addition with the GP5+/6+ reverse line blot assay. Differences were noted in the sensitivity and range for specific HPV types, e.g. with detection rates for HPV53 ranging from 2.3% to 11.6%. HPV16 was the most prevalent type detected by all tests except for the SPF-10 LiPa, which detected HPV31 more often. Kappa values calculated ranged from poor (k=0.20) to intermediate (k=0.54) for HPV positivity, but were higher for high-risk type positivity (k=0.31-0.61) and best for recognition of HPV16 (k=0.53-0.72). The analytical sensitivity of the tests ranged between 15% and 97% for individual types and specificity was highly dependent on which test system was used as "gold standard" for the analysis. The results of histology were used for calculation of clinical sensitivity and specificity. E1-PCR, PGMY09/11 LBA and SPF-10 LiPA had a high clinical sensitivity (>95%) for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or higher, whereas the HPV DNA Chip reached only 84.1%.
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ABSTRACT: Two cocktails of digoxigenin-labeled human papillomavirus (HPV) type-specific oligonucleotide probes and an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) were used as a basis to developed a group-specific detection method for 14 high-risk (types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68) and 6 low-risk (types 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, and 44) HPVs, following a general primer GP5+/bioGP6(+)-mediated PCR. The sensitivity of this high-risk/low-risk (HR/LR) HPV PCR-EIA ranged from 10 to 200 HPV copies, depending on the HPV type. Comparison of HR/LR HPV PCR-EIA with radioactive Southern blot hybridization using a general probe on the same PCR products derived from 417 cytomorphologically abnormal cervical scrapings resulted in an overall agreement of 96% between the two methods. Complete concordance between group-specific HR/LR detection and individual typing results for both single and multiple infections indicate the strong specificity of this HR/LR HPV PCR-EIA. Multiple infections could be predicted by comparing PCR-EIA optical density values of the cocktail probes with one of the individual oligonucleotide probes. This novel HR/LR PCR-EIA allows accurate and rapid identification of high-risk and low-risk HPV types in cervical scrapings and will facilitate HPV detection in HPV mass-screening programs.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/1997; 35(3):791-5. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel set of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers, designated SPF1 and SPF2 and located in the L1 region, was developed for universal detection of human papillomavirus (HPV). A short PCR fragment (SPF) of only 65 pb was synthesized. SPF amplimers were detected in a microtiter-based hybridization system, using a mixture of oligonucleotide probes. The SPF system allowed detection of at least 43 different HPV genotypes. The clinical performance of the novel SPF system was assessed in three different patient groups. 1) Analysis of 534 cervical scrapes, obtained from treated patients, showed that the detection rate in 447 (83.7%) scrapes with normal cytology was significantly higher using the SPF system as compared with the universal primer set GP5+/6+ (P < 0.001). 2) The SPF assay detected HPV DNA in 299 (98.4%) of 304 scrapes with cytological dyskaryosis. 3) The SPF system detected HPV DNA in 100% of 184 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cervical carcinoma specimens. In conclusion, the novel SPF system permitted universal and highly sensitive detection of HPV DNA in diverse clinical materials and may improve the molecular diagnosis and epidemiology of this important virus.American Journal Of Pathology 01/1999; 153(6):1731-9. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is generally considered to be sexually transmitted. However, nonsexual spread of the virus has also been suggested. The goal of this study was to assess: (a) the role of sexual intercourse in the transmission of HPV; (b) the determinants for seroconversion; and (c) the correlation between HPV DNA, abnormal cervical cytology, and serological response to HPV16. One hundred virgins and 105 monogamous women were randomly selected from a population-based cohort study in Copenhagen, Denmark, in which the women were examined twice with 2-year interval (interview, cervical swabs, Pap smear, blood samples). The presence of HPV DNA was determined by GP5+/6+ primers based HPV-PCR-EIA. HPV 16 virus-like particles (VLP) antibodies were detected by ELISA. All of the virgins were both HPV DNA negative and seronegative to VLP16, except for one woman who was weakly HPV 6 DNA positive. Only those virgins who initiated sexual activity became HPV DNA positive and/or VLP16 positive. The most important determinant of HPV DNA acquisition was the number of partners between the two examinations. The only significant risk factor for HPV 16 VLP seroconversion among women acquiring HPV DNA was HPV type. Our results show that sexual intercourse is important in the transmission of HPV, and that HPV 16 VLP seroconversion and the development of cervical lesions only occur after HPV transmission. Remarkably, no cervical lesions were found in HPV 16 DNA positive women who had seroconverted. Although based on small numbers, this may suggest that the development of antibodies had a protective effect.Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 03/2001; 10(2):101-6. · 4.56 Impact Factor