Aberrant pre-mRNA splicing of a highly conserved cell cycle regulator, CDC25C, in myelodysplastic syndromes
Division of Paediatric Haematology/Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Leukemia & lymphoma
(Impact Factor: 2.89).
06/2008; 49(5):989-93. DOI: 10.1080/10428190801971690
Alternative pre-mRNA splicing alters gene expression and protein function, and aberrant splicing patterns can be associated with neoplasia. The potential role of disordered RNA splicing in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is unexplored. We analysed the splicing repertoire of CDC25C- a gene localised to chromosome 5q31 and encoding a cyclin/cyclin-dependent-kinase regulatory phosphatase critical for cell cycle checkpoint control - in MDS, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and healthy tissues. Five novel splicing isoforms were detected, and the splicing patterns were generally distinct in neoplastic samples compared with healthy controls. One of the novel isoforms, which we have termed CDC25C-6, occurred in 58% of the samples in our cohort. The results of this study suggest the possibility of aberrant splicing contributing to the phenotype in MDS and other haematologic malignancies.
Available from: David Steensma
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ABSTRACT: The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are frequently associated with clonally restricted cytogenetic abnormalities, but until recently, the molecular pathobiology underlying this diverse group of neoplastic bone marrow disorders has been largely obscure. During the last 10 years, many investigative groups have applied the formidable power of new molecular biology techniques to hunt for recurrent genetic alterations in MDS primary cells. Several genetic abnormalities, including mutations in RUNX1 (AML1), TET2, ASXL1 and TP53, have been discovered in a substantial fraction of MDS cases; genes rearranged or mutated less commonly in MDS include IER3, ATRX, RAS and FLT3. Furthermore, haploinsufficiency and expression changes in RPS14, miR-145 and miR-146a, CDC25c, PP2A and SPARC in the absence of point mutations have also been implicated in MDS pathobiology. A major challenge will be to determine which of these mutations are causative "drivers" either in the development or progression of MDS, which might be therapeutically important because they predict response to treatment, and which are merely "passengers" along for the ride that alter phenotype but have no effect on the natural history of the disease. While the altered cellular biology of MDS is also increasingly well-understood, many mysteries remain. Abnormalities in iron regulation, microenvironment interactions, regulation of apoptosis and oxidative damage/DNA repair may all play an important pathobiological role. By gaining a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of these complex and heterogeneous diseases, we will hopefully improve our ability to treat our patients with MDS beyond the therapies with limited effectiveness that are available at present.
Cancer biology & therapy 08/2010; 10(4):309-19. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-5698-9_33 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: CDC25 phosphatases control cell cycle progression by activating cyclin dependent kinases. The three CDC25 isoforms encoding genes are submitted to alternative splicing events which generate at least two variants for CDC25A and five for both CDC25B and CDC25C. An over-expression of CDC25 was reported in several types of cancer, including breast cancer, and is often associated with a poor prognosis. Nevertheless, most of the previous studies did not address the expression of CDC25 splice variants. Here, we evaluated CDC25 spliced transcripts expression in anti-cancerous drug-sensitive and resistant breast cancer cell lines in order to identify potential breast cancer biomarkers.
CDC25 splice variants mRNA levels were evaluated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and by an original real-time RT-PCR assay.
CDC25 spliced transcripts are differentially expressed in the breast cancer cell lines studied. An up-regulation of CDC25A2 variant and an increase of the CDC25C5/C1 ratio are associated to the multidrug-resistance in VCREMS and DOXOR breast cancer cells, compared to their sensitive counterpart cell line MCF-7. Additionally, CDC25B2 transcript is exclusively over-expressed in VCREMS resistant cells and could therefore be involved in the development of certain type of drug resistance.
CDC25 splice variants could represent interesting potential breast cancer prognostic biomarkers.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 06/2011; 49(10):1707-14. DOI:10.1515/CCLM.2011.635 · 2.71 Impact Factor
Available from: Junya Kuroda
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ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous group of clonal hematological disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis which causes peripheral cytopenias and a risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Although various forms of chromosomal abnormalities have been detected in approximately 50-60% of patients with de novo MDS and in up to 80% of patients with therapy-related MDS, their molecular significance for pathogenesis and disease progression is not yet fully understood. Recent technical advances in molecular biology have disclosed more accurately details of pathological chromosomal and molecular aberrations in MDS. Such details could not be identified with conventional cytogenetical techniques, including G-banding. In particular, with recent technical advances in comparative genome hybridization or single nucleotide polymorphism array technology, several candidate genes for the pathogenesis of MDS have been identified, which are located in minimally deleted or uniparental disomy segments. Moreover, epigenetic deregulation of gene expression is also likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of MDS. Accordingly, in addition to classical oncogenic abnormalities, such as p53 abnormalities, or NRAS mutation, various molecular abnormalities, such as TET2, RPS14, or c-CBL, have been identified and/or proposed as the novel candidates for molecular basis of the development and progression of MDS. A better understanding of the causative molecular events underlying MDS pathogenesis is essential for the development and establishment of a more effective treatment resulting in a complete cure for MDS. We here review current knowledge regarding the molecular significance of chromosomal and genetic aberrations in MDS and the proposed molecular mechanisms of action of new agents for MDS, such as lenalidomide or azacitidine.
Current Molecular Medicine 09/2011; 11(8):678-85. DOI:10.2174/156652411797536732 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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