Effect of CKBM on Prostate Cancer Cell Growth In Vitro and In Vivo
ABSTRACT Prostate carcinoma and metastasis are common among male subjects worldwide. CKBM is a drug product targeting prostate cancer in multiple ways. Prostate cancer cell lines PC3 and DU145 were treated with CKBM. The effect of CKBM on the cell's viability, cell cycle, adhesive and invasive properties and its growth in an animal model were assessed. Results indicated that CKBM inhibited PC3 and DU145 cell growth in vitro at IC(50 )values 3.923 and 4.697% respectively, and it brought about cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. CKBM also attenuated DU145 cells to invade and adhere to extracellular matrices including Matrigel, laminin, fibronectin and collagen IV. Moreover, PC3 tumor xenograft growth was inhibited by over 60% after 28-day of 0.2, 0.4 or 0.8 ml/day CKBM treatment. The present study indicates that CKBM is effective against prostate cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Further studies are required to elucidate its mechanism of action.
- SourceAvailable from: Sanjay Awasthi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: RLIP76 plays a central role in radiation and chemotherapy resistance through its activity as a multi-specific ATP-dependent transporter which is over-expressed in a number of types of cancers. RLIP76 appears to be necessary for cancer cell survival because both in vitro cell culture and in vivo animal tumor studies show that depletion or inhibition of RLIP76 causes selective toxicity in malignant cells. RLIP76 induces apoptosis in cancer cells through the accumulation of endogenously formed GS-E. The results of our in vivo studies demonstrate that administration of RLIP76 antibodies, siRNA or anti-sense to mice bearing xenografts of PC-3 prostate cancer cells leads to near complete regression of established subcutaneous xenografts with no apparent toxic effects. Since anti-RLIP76 IgG (which inhibit RLIP76-mediated transport), siRNA and antisense (which deplete RLIP76) showed similar tumor regressing activities, our results indicate that the inhibition of RLIP76 transport activity at the cell surface is sufficient for observed anti-tumor activity. These studies indicate that RLIP76 serves a key effector function for the survival of prostate cancer cells and that it is a valid target for cancer therapy.Biochemical pharmacology 12/2008; 77(6):1074-83. DOI:10.1016/j.bcp.2008.11.013 · 4.65 Impact Factor