Paraspinal and limb motor neuron involvement within homologous spinal segments in ALS.
ABSTRACT We studied the involvement of motor neuron groups innervating paraspinal muscles in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and evaluated the value of paraspinal muscle EMG in the diagnosis of the disease.
We used quantitative concentric needle EMG to study denervation and reinnervation in a paraspinal muscle and a limb muscle innervated by the C6 and L5 segments in 32 patients with ALS. As control subjects we studied 11 patients with peripheral neuropathy, and 46 non-neurogenic control subjects.
We found similar abnormalities in motor-unit potentials (MUPs) in paraspinal and limb muscles in these two segments in ALS. Fasciculation potentials (FPs) were more frequent in limb muscles than in paraspinal muscles and fibrillations and sharp waves (fibs-sw) were most frequent in tibialis anterior. In peripheral neuropathy paraspinal muscles were normal but tibialis anterior showed very abnormal motor unit potentials.
These results are consistent with generalised involvement of motor neurons in motor neuron pools in spinal segments in early stages of ALS progression. However, distally predominant fibrillations indicate susceptibility to ongoing denervation in reinnervated distal axons. Complex FPs of similar morphology to MUP analysis in the same early affected muscle suggests a proximal origin for these FPs at this phase.
Our observations emphasize the value of paraspinal muscle EMG in the electrophysiological diagnosis of ALS.
Article: Can regional spreading of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis motor symptoms be explained by prion-like propagation?[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Progressive accumulation of specific misfolded protein is a defining feature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), similarly seen in Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, Huntington disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. The intercellular transfer of inclusions made of tau, α-synuclein and huntingtin has been demonstrated, revealing the existence of mechanisms reminiscent of those by which prions spread through the nervous system. Evidence for such a prion-like propagation mechanism has now spread to the major misfolded proteins, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and the 43 kDa transactive response DNA binding protein (TDP-43), implicated in ALS. The focus in this review is on what is known about ALS progression in terms of clinical as well as molecular aspects. Furthermore, the concept of 'propagation' is dissected into contiguous and non-contiguous types, and this concept is expanded to the severity of the focal symptom as well as its regional spread which can be explained by cell to cell propagation in the local neuron pool.Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 04/2012; 83(7):739-45. · 4.87 Impact Factor