Bone marrow edema of the femoral head and transient osteoporosis of the hip

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Université Catholique de Louvain, University Hospital St Luc, Brussels, Belgium.
European Journal of Radiology (Impact Factor: 2.16). 08/2008; 67(1):68-77. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.01.061
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The current article of this issue aims at defining the generic term of bone marrow edema of the femoral head as seen at MR imaging. It must be kept in mind that this syndrome should be regarded, not as a specific diagnosis, but rather as a sign of an ongoing abnormal process that involves the femoral head and/or the hip joint. We aim at emphasizing the role of the radiologists in making a specific diagnosis, starting from a non-specific finding on T1-weighted images and by focusing on ancillary findings on T2-weighted SE or fat-saturated proton-density weighted MR images.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion and diffusion imaging characteristics in patients with transient bone marrow edema (TBME), avascular necrosis (AVN), or subchondral insufficiency fractures (SIF) of the proximal femur. Material and Methods 29 patients with painful hip and bone marrow edema pattern of the proximal femur on non-contrast MR imaging were examined using diffusion-weighted and dynamic gadolinium-enhanced sequences. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and perfusion parameters were calculated for different regions of the proximal femur. Regional distribution and differences in ADC values and perfusion parameters were evaluated. Results Seven patients presented with TBME, 15 with AVN and seven with SIF of the proximal femur. Perfusion imaging showed significant differences for maximum enhancement values (Emax), slope (Eslope) and time to peak (TTP) between the three patient groups (p < 0.05). In contrast, no significant differences for ADC values were calculated when comparing TBME, AVN, and SIF patients. Conclusion Diffusion weighted imaging of bone marrow of the proximal femur did not show significant differences between patients with TBME, AVN or SIF. In contrast, MR perfusion imaging demonstrated significant differences for the different patient groups and may as a complementary imaging technique add information to the understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases associated with bone marrow edema.
    European Journal of Radiology 10/2014; 83(10). DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.07.017 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow lesions on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are common and may be seen with various pathologies. The authors outline a systematic diagnostic approach with proposed categorization of various etiologies of bone marrow lesions. Utilization of typical imaging features on conventional MR imaging techniques and other problem-solving techniques, such as chemical shift imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), to achieve accurate final diagnosis has been highlighted.
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