The global histone modification pattern correlates with cancer recurrence and overall survival in gastric adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT Epigenetic alterations such as DNA methylation and histone modification play important roles in carcinogenesis. It has been recently suggested that global histone modification patterns are independent predictors of cancer recurrence. In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to evaluate the patterns of histone H3 and H4 acetylation and trimethylation in gastric adenocarcinomas.
Double 2-mm core tissue microarrays were made from 261 paraffin-embedded gastric adenocarcinoma samples and examined by immunohistochemistry for histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation and trimethylation, histone H4 lysine 16 acetylation, and histone H4 lysine 20 trimethylation. Sections were graded according to the proportion of tumor cells showing nuclear staining.
Trimethylation of H3K9 positively correlated with tumor stage (P = 0.043); lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.029), cancer recurrence (P = 0.043), and higher level of H3K9 trimethylation correlated with a poor survival rate (P = 0.008). Multivariate survival analysis showed that H3K9 trimethylation status is an independent prognostic factor (P = 0.014). After categorizing cases according to the dominant modification pattern, we found that methylation dominance was associated with lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.001), cancer recurrence (P = 0.001), and poor survival rate (P = 0.028). Methylation dominance was also an independent prognostic factor (P = 0.026) in multivariate survival analysis.
The pattern of histone modification as detected by immunohistochemistry may be useful as a predictor for the recurrence of cancer and may be an independent prognostic factor in gastric adenocarcinomas.
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ABSTRACT: Marek's disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative disease in chicken induced by Marek's disease virus (MDV). Although studies have focused on the genetic differences between the resistant and susceptible chicken, less is known about the role of epigenetic factors in MD. In this study, genome-wide histone modifications in the non-MHC-associated resistant and susceptible chicken lines were examined. We found that tri-methylation at histone H3 Lys4 (H3K4me3) enrichment is positively correlated with the expression of protein coding genes as well as microRNA (miRNA) genes, whereas tri-methylation at histone H3 Lys27 (H3K27me3) exhibits a negative correlation. By identifying line-specific histone modifications in MDV infection, we found unique H3K4me3 islands in the resistant chicken activated genes, which are related to immune response and cell adhesion. Interestingly, we also found some miRNAs from unique H3K27me3 patterns in the susceptible chickens that targeted genes involved in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-receptor and adrenergic receptor pathways. In conclusion, dynamic line-specific histone modifications in response to MDV infection suggested that intrinsic epigenetic mechanisms may play a role in MD-resistance and -susceptibility.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e41849. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Differential effects of garcinol and curcumin on histone and p53 modifications in tumour cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones and other proteins are perturbed in tumours. For example, reduced levels of acetylated H4K16 and trimethylated H4K20 are associated with high tumour grade and poor survival in breast cancer. Drug-like molecules that can reprogram selected histone PTMs in tumour cells are therefore of interest as potential cancer chemopreventive agents. In this study we assessed the effects of the phytocompounds garcinol and curcumin on histone and p53 modification in cancer cells, focussing on the breast tumour cell line MCF7. METHODS: Cell viability/proliferation assays, cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry, immunodetection of specific histone and p53 acetylation marks, western blotting, siRNA and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Although treatment with curcumin, garcinol or the garcinol derivative LTK-14 hampered MCF7 cell proliferation, differential effects of these compounds on histone modifications were observed. Garcinol treatment resulted in a strong reduction in H3K18 acetylation, which is required for S phase progression. Similar effects of garcinol on H3K18 acetylation were observed in the osteosarcoma cells lines U2OS and SaOS2. In contrast, global levels of acetylated H4K16 and trimethylated H4K20 in MCF7 cells were elevated after garcinol treatment. This was accompanied by upregulation of DNA damage signalling markers such as gammaH2A.X, H3K56Ac, p53 and TIP60. In contrast, exposure of MCF7 cells to curcumin resulted in increased global levels of acetylated H3K18 and H4K16, and was less effective in inducing DNA damage markers. In addition to its effects on histone modifications, garcinol was found to block CBP/p300-mediated acetylation of the C-terminal activation domain of p53, but resulted in enhanced acetylation of p53K120, and accumulation of p53 in the cytoplasmic compartment. Finally, we show that the elevation of H4K20Me3 levels by garcinol correlated with increased expression of SUV420H2, and was prevented by siRNA targeting of SUV420H2. CONCLUSION: In summary, although garcinol and curcumin can both inhibit histone acetyltransferase activities, our results show that these compounds have differential effects on cancer cells in culture. Garcinol treatment alters expression of chromatin modifying enzymes in MCF7 cells, resulting in reprogramming of key histone and p53 PTMs and growth arrest, underscoring its potential as a cancer chemopreventive agent.BMC Cancer 01/2013; 13(1):37. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Epigenetic alterations contribute significantly to the development and progression of gastric cancer, one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Epigenetics refers to the number of modifications of the chromatin structure that affect gene expression without altering the primary sequence of DNA, and these changes lead to transcriptional activation or silencing of the gene. Over the years, the study of epigenetic processes has increased, and novel therapeutic approaches that target DNA methylation and histone modifications have emerged. A greater understanding of epigenetics and the therapeutic potential of manipulating these processes is necessary for gastric cancer treatment. Here, we review recent research on the effects of aberrant DNA and histone methylation on the onset and progression of gastric tumors and the development of compounds that target enzymes that regulate the epigenome.World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2013; 19(8):1182-1192. · 2.47 Impact Factor