Factors Associated With Guideline-Concordant Use of Radiotherapy After Mastectomy in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics (Impact Factor: 4.26). 06/2008; 72(5):1434-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.03.020
Source: PubMed


We examined the rates and determinants of appropriate and inappropriate use of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT), as defined by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) practice guidelines, among women with Stage I-II breast cancer (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 5th edition).
Using clinical characteristics, 1,620 consecutive patients at eight NCCN institutions who had undergone mastectomy between July 1997 and June 2002 were classified into three cohorts according to whether the guidelines (1) recommended PMRT, (2) recommended against PMRT, or (3) made no definitive PMRT recommendation. We defined the absence of PMRT in the first cohort as underuse and receipt of PMRT in the second cohort as overuse. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to investigate the association of clinical and sociodemographic factors with PMRT.
Overall, 23.8% of patients received PMRT. This included 199 (83.6%) of 238 in the "recommend PMRT" cohort, 58 (5.6%) of 1,029 in the "recommend against PMRT" cohort, and 127 (38.6%) of 329 in the "consider PMRT" cohort. The only factor associated with underuse in the "recommend PMRT" cohort was nonreceipt of chemotherapy (odds ratio [OR], 0.08; p <0.0001). In addition to tumor characteristics, the factors associated with overuse in the "recommend against PMRT" cohort included age <50 years (OR, 2.28; p = 0.048), NCCN institution (OR, 1.04-8.29; p = 0.026), higher education (OR, 3.49; p = 0.001), and no reconstructive surgery (OR, 2.44; p = 0.019). The factors associated with PMRT in the "consider PMRT" cohort included NCCN institution (OR, 1.1-9.01; p <0.0001), age <50 years (OR, 2.26; p = 0.041), and tumor characteristics.
The results of our study have shown that concordance with definitive treatment guidelines was high. However, when current evidence does not support a definitive recommendation for PMRT, treatment decisions appear to be influenced, not only by patient age and clinical characteristics, but also by institution-specific patterns of care.

9 Reads
  • Source
    • "Vital status and cause of death are determined from medical records and confirmed using the Social Security Death Index and the National Death Index (NDI). Data are subjected to rigorous quality assurance [18]. Institutional review boards from each center approved the study. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: In gene expression experiments, hormone receptor (HR)-positive/human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER2)-positive tumors generally cluster within the luminal B subset; whereas HR-negative/HER2-positive tumors reside in the HER2-enriched subset. We investigated whether the clinical behavior of HER2-positive tumors differs by HR status. Methods: We evaluated 3,394 patients who presented to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) centers with stage I to III HER2-positive breast cancer between 2000 and 2007. Tumors were grouped as HR-positive/HER2-positive (HR+/HER2+) or HR-negative/HER2-positive (HR-/HER2+). Chi-square, logistic regression and Cox hazard proportional regression were used to compare groups. Results: Median follow-up was four years. Patients with HR-/HER2+ tumors (n = 1,379, 41% of total) were more likely than those with HR+/HER-2+ disease (n = 2,015, 59% of total) to present with high histologic grade and higher stages (P <0.001). Recurrences were recorded for 458 patients. HR-/HER2+ patients were less likely to experience first recurrence in bone (univariate Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.53, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.34 to 0.82, P = 0.005) and more likely to recur in brain (univariate OR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.05 to 2.93, P = 0.033). A lower risk of recurrence in bone persisted after adjusting for age, stage and adjuvant trastuzumab therapy (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.83, P = 0.005) and when first and subsequent sites of recurrence were both considered (multivariable OR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.37 to 0.80, P = 0.002). Conclusions: Presenting features, patterns of recurrence and survival of HER2-positive breast cancer differed by HR status. These differences should be further explored and integrated in the design of clinical trials.
    Breast cancer research: BCR 10/2012; 14(5):R129. DOI:10.1186/bcr3324 · 5.49 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As most solid tumors, surgery is often the first step of the multidisciplinary management for breast cancers. Although mastectomy and axillar lymphadenectomy still have indications, conservative treatment and sentinel node detection are commonly used. Thanks to induction chemotherapy and oncoplastic techniques, surgery is conservative in most cases, even for important tumors without overall survival prejudice. There is no consensus about resection margins status but a limit of 2 to 3 mm seems to be reasonable while oncoplastic surgery allows large resection and good cosmetic outcomes. In this overview, we present the state of the art for breast cancer surgery including conservative and radical treatments, axillar lymphadenectomy and sentinel lymph node detection, margins status, oncoplastic techniques.
    Fuel and Energy Abstracts 12/2010; 39(8). DOI:10.1016/j.jgyn.2010.10.002
Show more


9 Reads
Available from