[Johannes Trüper--mediator between child and adolescent psychiatry and pedagogy].
ABSTRACT The development of the child and adolescent psychiatry as an independent speciality is not only a result of sub-specialisation within medicine or psychiatry but also a result of interaction with pedagogy, psychology, and philosophy. Within this framework, pedagogy (and more specifically orthopedagogy) has played an essential scientific role. This will be demonstrated by the work of Johannes Trüper.
A short description of his life and an evaluation of his scientific work is presented based on earlier publications and archive studies.
Trüper founded a famous approved school on Sophienhöhe close to Jena in 1892 and was a co-founder of "Die Kinderfehler" (1896), one of the leading journals for research in pedagogy and child psychiatry in its time. The psychiatrist and philosopher Theodor Ziehen regarded as one of the pioneers of child psychiatry, gained practical child psychiatric experience as a consultant liaison psychiatrist at the approved school which was run by Johannes Trüper. Wilhelm Strohmayer, another psychiatrist from Jena, also belongs to the founding fathers of child psychiatry in Germany with his book "Vorlesungen uber die Psychopathologie des Kindesalters für Mediziner und Pädagogen" (1910) which is based on his consultant work on Sophienhöhe.
The close and direct collaboration between psychiatry and pedagogy, which lead to an early development of child psychiatry as a speciality in Jena, can be regarded as a particularity in the scientific development.
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ABSTRACT: On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the independent Chair of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry at Rostock University, this study takes a closer look at the circumstances and history of its establishment and development in the GDR. It shows that its development took place within the framework of the general strive for independence of a young discipline in Europe, and the German-speaking countries in particular, after World War II. It also addresses the specific local emergence conditions and the general sociopolitical factors, highlighting the personal, yet very individual, impact of the two protagonists of child and adolescent psychiatry, namely Franz Günther von Stockert (1899-1967) and Gerhard Göllnitz (1920-2003), on the path Rostock child psychiatry followed. Through the establishment of an independent Department of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry at Rostock University, the discipline succeeded in emancipating itself more and more throughout the GDR as a subject in its own right, as a result of which the foundations were laid for an integrated system of research and teaching as well as an integrated neuropsychiatric health care programme in the GDR.Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie 05/2010; 38(3):155-60. DOI:10.1024/1422-4917/a000028 · 0.99 Impact Factor